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The ANA Messenger: The Economic Development Issue

Winter 2012

Published: March 8, 2013
Social and Economic Development Strategies (SEDS), All

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In light of the rising frequency of human/grizzly bear conflicts, the Montana Department of Fish and Game is advising hikers, hunters, and fishermen to take extra precautions and keep alert for bears while in the field. "We advise that outdoorsmen should wear noisy little bells on their clothing so as not to startle bears that aren't expecting them," a spokesman said. "We also advise outdoorsmen to carry pepper spray with them in case of an encounter with a bear."

It is also a good idea to watch out for fresh signs of bear activity. Outdoorsmen should recognize the difference between black bear and grizzly bear paw prints and scat.

A grizzly's paw is larger and its claws are longer than that of a black bear. Black bear scat contains lots of berries and squirrel fur. Grizzly bear scat has little bells in it and smells like pepper.

Anglos have BC and AD to measure time. Native People only have the four BC's

Before Columbus
          Before Custer
                    Before Commodity....
                              Before Costner!!

What do you call a boomerang that doesn't work?
            A stick.


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Answer to What is it? or Where is it?

1912 Carlisle Indian School Track Team.

Lewis Tewanima is seated on the far right. Jim Thorpe is standing in the middle of the back row. The other individuals in this picture include: Duke Kahanamoku, a Native Hawaiian, took to the pool and won the 100-meter freestyle in Stockholm; Andrew Sockalexis, Penobscot, placed fourth in the marathon; Lewis Tewanima, Hopi, won a silver medal and set the American record for the 10,000 meters until another American Indian, Billy Mills, Oglala Lakota, won the gold medal at the 1964 Games in Tokyo and bested Tewanima’s mark in one of the most thrilling races in Olympic history.

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Last Reviewed: November 22, 2016