Exploring the Intersection of Two Programs that Support Poor Families
By Brendan Kelly, Senior Social Science Research Analyst, Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation
Both the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) programs provide cash assistance and support to poor families. ACF and the Social Security Administration recently completed a five-year project to examine the intersection of TANF and SSI clients and programs. Recent publications from the TANF-SSI Disability Transition Project provide new insights for practitioners, policymakers and advocates.
The highlight of this report is the description of three pilot projects — in Minnesota, California and Michigan — efforts to improve some aspect of TANF services for clients with disabilities, including those who may apply for SSI.
This brief focuses on the analysis of merged SSI and TANF data. Contrary to popular narratives, the overlap between the two programs is relatively small. Additionally, the data reveals that medical award rates among TANF recipients who applied for SSI were comparable to those of other SSI applicants of similar ages.
This brief describes the basic SSI disability determination process and compares it with procedures TANF agencies use to assess clients.
This brief describes approaches to disability assessment used by selected TANF programs.
This brief brings together insights from state-level data analyses, federal data and the pilot projects into one easy-to-read overview.