The Children's Bureau supports programs, research, and monitoring to help eliminate barriers to adoption and find permanent families for children. CB provides funding to states and tribes to help them support families who adopt from foster care. We provide additional funds to states that achieve a high number of adoptions of children from foster care.
Our programs include:
Adoption and Legal Guardianship Incentives
The Adoption and Legal Guardianship Incentive Payments program (formerly called the Adoption Incentive Payments program) recognizes improved performance in helping children and youth in foster care find permanent homes through adoption and legal guardianship. The program was originally established as part of the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 and has been reauthorized and revised several times since, most recently as part of the Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act, signed into law in September 2014. A key change in this reauthorization is the renaming of the program to reflect that incentives will be paid to jurisdictions for improved performance in both adoptions and legal guardianship of children in foster care.
- Adoption Incentives program awards history, fiscal year 1998 to fiscal year 2014
- Adoption Incentives program awards by category, fiscal year 2008 to fiscal year 2012
Adoption Reporting Systems
CB collects case-level data from every state on adoptions from foster care in order to analyze national trends. These analyses are then published both in print and on our website.
Our adoption reporting systems include:
- The Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS)
- Child Welfare Outcomes Report to Congress
The Children’s Bureau compiled data submitted by title IV-E agencies reporting their calculated “Adoption Savings” and their reported expenditure of those savings. These are savings that states and tribes experienced with respect to their own funds due to the expansion of eligibility under the federal title IV-E Adoption Assistance program. Federal law requires the Children’s Bureau to collect and post these data annually, beginning with data for federal fiscal year 2015.
Adoption Training and Technical Assistance
Adoption Training and Technical Assistance CB's Training and Technical Assistance Network helps to maintain a national photolisting of children available for adoption. Our network also provides assistance to states and tribes by recruiting adoptive parents and providing adoption and postadoption services. More training and technical assistance information can be found at:
- AdoptUSKids provides a national photolisting service of children/youth available for adoption which supports and builds the capacity of state photolistings. This program also provides for an annual National Adoption Recruitment Campaign in conjunction with the AD Council and also provides localized supports to the state recruitment campaign efforts;
- The National Resource Center for Diligent Recruitment provides training and technical assistance to the states, tribes and territories on all matters related to their diligent recruitment, development and support of foster and adoptive parents.
Adoption Excellence Awards recognize outstanding accomplishments in achieving permanency for America's children waiting in foster care. These awards honor those who contribute greatly to moving children from foster care to adoption or other permanent homes. Award recipients include states, local agencies, private organizations, courts, businesses, families and individuals.