Many factors can influence child support collections. This fact sheet focuses on three factors – male employment, child support spending, and the number of child support cases. Since FY 2008, two of these factors – male employment and child support spending – have declined, while the number of child support cases has remained largely unchanged. Analyzing the collective effect of these three factors suggests that child support collections should have declined. In fact, they have once you adjust for inflation. Going forward, it will be difficult to increase child support collections as long as the male employment rate and child support spending remain at their current levels.