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State Financing of Child Support Enforcement Programs

Final Report

Published: December 28, 1999

The overall purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the Federal CSE program financing structure and the resources allocated to the CSE program at the State and local level by providing factual information on the financing of the CSE program. Our study addressed the following primary study topics:

  • What are the various sources of funding for the State and local share of IV-D expenditures? What share of the expenditures does each source represent?
  • How is the State share of retained TANF collections allocated at the State and local level?
  • How are Federal incentive payments allocated at the State and local level?

In addition, we investigated the extent to which State CSE programs employ cost recovery me-chanisms such as user charges and fees and how these funds are used. We also examined the extent to which states “pass-through” child support collections to families who receive public assistance, disregard child support payments in determining TANF benefit levels, or utilize “fill-the-gap” policies. Lastly, we explored whether states were anticipating significant changes to their CSE financing structures in light of: (1) the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA); (2) rapidly declining TANF rolls; (3) the movement toward centralized collections; and (4) H.R. 3130 and the new Federal incentives provision.

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