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Fiscal Year 2007 Community Services Block Grant Program Report to Congress

Published: July 20, 2012
Community Services Block Grants (CSBG)
authority, eligibility, guidelines, participant, uses

Employment Programs

In FY 2007, States reported spending approximately $61 million in CSBG funding to support a range of services designed to assist low-income individuals in obtaining and maintaining employment.  These services include:

  • Support for the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program recipients who are preparing to transition to self-sufficiency or former TANF recipients who need additional support to find or maintain employment;
  • Support for job retention, including counseling, training, and supportive services, such as transportation, child care, and the purchase of uniforms or work clothing;
  • Skills training, job application assistance, résumé writing, and job placement;
  • On-the-job training and opportunities for work;
  • Job development, including finding employers willing to recruit through the agency, facilitating interviews, creating job banks, providing counseling to employees, and developing new employment opportunities in the community;
  • Vocational training for high school students and the creation of internships and summer jobs; and/or
  • Other specialized adult employment training.

Education Programs

In FY 2007, States reported spending approximately $66 million in CSBG funds to provide education services.  Services supported include:

  • Adult education, including courses in English as a Second Language (ESL) and General Education Development (GED) preparation with flexible scheduling for working students;
  • Supplemental support to improve the educational quality of Head Start programs;
  • Child care classes, providing both child development instruction and support for working parents or home child care providers;
  • Alternative opportunities for school dropouts and those at risk of dropping out;
  • Scholarships for college or technical school;
  • Guidance about adult education opportunities in the community;
  • Programs to enhance academic achievement of students in grades K–12, while combating drug or alcohol use and preventing violence; and/or
  • Computer-based courses to help train participants for the modern-day workforce.

Income Management Programs

States reported spending approximately $31 million on income management programs in FY 2007 using CSBG grant funds.  Services supported include:

  • Development of household assets, including savings;
  • Assistance with budgeting techniques;
  • Consumer credit counseling;
  • Business development support;
  • Homeownership assistance;
  • Energy conservation and energy consumer education programs, including weatherization;
  • Tax counseling and tax preparation assistance; and/or
  • Assistance for the elderly with claims for medical and other benefits.

Housing Programs

In FY 2007, States reported spending approximately $43 million for CSBG-coordinated housing programs to improve the living environment of low-income individuals and families.  Services supported include:

  • Homeownership counseling and loan assistance;
  • Affordable housing development and construction;
  • Counseling and advocacy about landlord/tenant relations and fair housing concerns;
  • Assistance in locating affordable housing and applying for rent subsidies and other housing assistance;
  • Transitional shelters and services for the homeless;
  • Home repair and rehabilitation services;
  • Support for management of group homes; and/or
  • Rural housing and infrastructure development.

Emergency Services Programs

In FY 2007, States reported spending approximately $111 million for emergency services to manage many kinds of crises, including:

  • Emergency temporary housing;
  • Rental or mortgage assistance and intervention with landlords;
  • Cash assistance/short term loans;
  • Energy crisis assistance and utility shut-off prevention;
  • Emergency food, clothing, and furniture;
  • Crisis intervention in response to child or spousal abuse;
  • Emergency heating system repair;
  • Crisis intervention telephone hotlines;
  • Linkages with other services and organizations to assemble a combination of short-term resources and longer-term support; and/or
  • Natural disaster response and assistance.

Nutrition Programs

In FY 2007, States reported spending approximately $38 million in CSBG funds to support nutrition programs.  Services supported include:

  • Organizing and operating food banks;
  • Assisting food banks of faith-based and civic organization partners with food supplies and/or management support;
  • Counseling regarding family and children’s nutrition and food preparation;
  • Distributing surplus United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) commodities and other food supplies;
  • Administering the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) nutrition program;
  • Preparing and delivering meals, especially to the homebound elderly;
  • Providing meals in group settings; and/or
  • Initiating self-help projects, such as community gardens, community canneries, and food buying groups.


In FY 2007, States reported spending approximately $92 million on linkage initiatives.  Linkage programs can involve any or all of a variety of local activities which CSBG supports, including:

  • Coordination among programs, facilities, and shared resources through information systems, communications systems, and shared procedures;
  • Community needs assessments, followed by community planning, organization, and advocacy to meet these needs;
  • Creation of coalitions for community changes, such as reducing crime or partnering businesses with low-income neighborhoods in order to plan long-term development;
  • Efforts to establish links between resources, such as transportation and medical care and programs that bring services to the participants, such as mobile clinics or recreational programs, and management of continuum-of-care initiatives;
  • The removal of barriers, such as transportation problems, that hinder low-income individuals’ abilities to access their jobs or other necessary activities; and/or
  • Support for other groups of low-income community residents who are working for the same goals as the eligible entity.

Self-Sufficiency Programs

States reported spending approximately $87 million in FY 2007 on self-sufficiency programs.  Self-sufficiency programs offer a continuum of services to assist families in becoming more financially independent.  Services supported include:

  • An assessment of the issues facing the family or family members and the resources the family brings to address these issues;
  • A written plan for becoming more financially independent and self-supporting; and/or
  • Services that are selected to help the participant implement the plan (i.e. clothing, bus passes, emergency food assistance, career counseling, family guidance counseling, referrals to the Social Security Administration for disability benefits, assistance with locating possible jobs, assistance in finding long-term housing, etc.).

Health Programs

In FY 2007, States reported spending approximately $23 million on CSBG-funded health initiatives that are designed to identify and combat a variety of health problems in the community served.  CSBG funds may be used to address gaps in the care and coverage available in the community.  Services supported include:

  • Recruitment of uninsured children to a State insurance group or State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP);
  • Recruitment of volunteer medical personnel to assist uninsured low-income families;
  • Prenatal care, maternal health, and infant health screenings;
  • Assistance with pharmaceutical donation programs;
  • Health-related information for all ages, including Medicare/Medicaid enrollment and claims filing;
  • Immunization;
  • Periodic screening for serious health problems, such as tuberculosis, breast cancer, HIV infection, and mental health disorders;
  • Health screening of all children;
  • Treatment for substance abuse;
  • Other health services, including dental care, health insurance advocacy, CPR training, and education about wellness, obesity, and first aid; and/or
  • Transportation to health care facilities and medical appointments.