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TANF-ACF-IM-1997-01 (Final Tables Based on FORM ACF-108 Jobs Data for Fiscal Year 1995 -- Information)

Published: February 6, 1997
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF)
Data Collection and Reporting
Information Memoranda (IM)








To disseminate final Form ACF-108 data for Fiscal Year 1995.


Form 108 is a case sample reporting system and replaced the Form FSA-104 aggregate data. Fiscal Year (FY) 1995 represents the fourth year that States reported JOBS program data on a case sample basis.


The attached tables are based on final JOBS case sample data from Form ACF-108. Data are weighted to the total State JOBS participant population and presented for all States except Alaska, District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands which did not report data. There are 39 tables provided for FY 1995. Data for the selected characteristics are presented as either percent distributions based on monthly averages or as means.

General Notes:

  1. All tables are based on Form ACF-108 data for FY 1995. The data are divided into three major categories:
    1. Selected characteristics by State;
    2. Selected characteristics by component for the U.S. total; and
    3. Selected characteristics by AFDC case status for the U.S. total.
  2. The data presented are based on information as provided by the State.
  3. Where a State did not report data for a particular item, the weighted values of the missing data are treated as missing values. Therefore, the total number of participants is different for each table and does not add up to the total U.S. weighted monthly average number of reported cases of 632,253.
  4. The monthly average for any State that did not report every month is determined by dividing the State total by the number of months that the State reported data.
  5. Where a footnote indicates a data problem for one or more States, the U.S. total will reflect that data problem.
  6. All data are reported on a monthly basis, but the attached tables are average monthly numbers for the fiscal year covered. Because they are average numbers, rounding errors occur. All discrepancies in summation are attributed to rounding, unless otherwise indicated.

Notes to Specific Tables:

  1. Since an individual can participate in more than one component during a sample month, only the first component was reported in table 1, table 27, and tables 14 through 26, in order to avoid duplicated counts.
  2. In table 3 the average number of days since entry into JOBS is truncated because it is calculated for all cases including those that continue to participate in the program after the sample month.
  3. In table 7, many States miscoded missing data for initial education as no formal schooling (code 0). It was not always possible to determine when no formal schooling is correct; therefore, all no formal schooling values are treated as missing data.
  4. In table 17, and table 30, the average number of days spent in a component is underestimated because it is calculated only for participants who completed a component or dropped out from a component during the fiscal year.


Inquiries should be directed to the appropriate Administration for Children and Families Regional Administrator.


Lavinia Limon
Office of Family Assistance



TO OBTAIN PAGES OF DOCUMENTS: Some attachments are not included in this file. You may contact Bettie McClure (Bettie McClure) to obtain copies of the attachment by fax or mail.


The average monthly number of participants in JOBS is estimated at 650,000. The percent distribution of JOBS participants is based on a monthly average. Alaska, District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands did not submit data during FY 1995.

Program Characteristics

Table 1:

The distribution of JOBS participants by component was as follows:

  • High School, 7.1 percent;
  • GED, 7.5 percent;
  • Assessment and Employability Planning, 11.1 percent;
  • Job Skills Training, 8.0 percent;
  • Job Search, 6.1 percent;
  • Assigned Higher Education, 9.2 percent;
  • Job Entry, 12.3 percent;
  • Self Initiated Higher Education, 7.5 percent;
  • Vocational Training, 7.8 percent;
  • Job Readiness Activities, 6.2 percent;
  • CWEP, 3.8 percent;
  • Job Development, 0.8 percent;
  • OJT, 0.4 percent;
  • Work Supplementation, 0.3 percent;
  • Remedial Education, 4.8 percent;
  • English as a Second Language(ESL), 3.3 percent; and
  • Other, 3.9 percent.

Table 2:

The distribution of JOBS participants by weekly scheduled hours was as follows:

  • 1-5 hours, 13.8 percent;
  • 6-10 hours, 7.1 percent;
  • 11-15 hours, 10.8 percent;
  • 16-20 hours, 36.3 percent;
  • 21-25 hours, 8.9 percent;
  • 26-30 hours, 8.8 percent;
  • 31-35 hours, 4.9 percent; and
  • over 35 hours, 9.5 percent.

Table 4:

The distribution of JOBS participants by number of months since their last AFDC opening was as follows:

  • 1 year or less, 38.7 percent;
  • 13-24 months, 19.2 percent;
  • 25-36 months, 12.3 percent;
  • 37-60 months, 15.1 percent; and
  • over 5 years, 14.7 percent.

Table 5:

AFDC case status distribution was as follows:

  • AFDC Basic, 77.8 percent;
  • AFDC-UP, 12.7 percent;
  • no longer receiving AFDC, 3.0 percent;
  • AFDC applicants, 5.9 percent; and
  • eligible for AFDC-UP (but not receiving a money payment), 0.6 percent.

Table 6:

Of all JOBS participants,

  • 35.8 percent were not in a target group;
  • 41.7 percent received AFDC for any 36 of the preceding 60 months;
  • 11.2 percent were custodial parents under age 24 who have not completed high school, and were not enrolled in high school at the time of application;
  • 8.9 percent were custodial parents under age 24 with little or no work experience in the preceding year;
  • 2.0 percent were members of a family in which the youngest child is within 2 years of ineligibility for AFDC because of age; and
  • 0.4 percent in a State plan approved alternative group.

Demographic Characteristics

Table 7:

The distribution of JOBS participants initial education was as follows:

  • Did not complete elementary school, 3.2 percent;
  • completed elementary school and some high school, 40.9 percent;
  • completed high school or GED, 44.8 percent; and
  • attended some post secondary school or completed post secondary education, 11.0 percent.

Table 8:

The age distribution of JOBS participants was as follows:

  • Under 20 years of age, 9.9 percent;
  • 20-24, 21.6 percent;
  • 25-29, 21.3 percent;
  • 30-34, 19.7 percent;
  • 35-39, 14.7 percent; and
  • 40 and over, 13.0 percent.

Table 9:

The ethnic distribution of JOBS participants was as follows:

  • White, 43.9 percent;
  • Black, 33.7 percent;
  • Hispanic, 15.3 percent;
  • Asian, 3.0 percent;
  • Native American, 1.0 percent; and
  • Other, 3.0 percent. The 83.8% other category for Louisiana should be coded as Black.

Table 10:

The sex distribution of JOBS participants was:

  • Female, 87.5 percent; and
  • Male, 12.5 percent.

Table 13:

The age distribution of JOBS participants' youngest child was as follows:

  • Under 1 year of age, 9.1 percent;
  • 1-2, 24.8 percent; 3-5, 31.3 percent;
  • 6-11, 25.0 percent; 12-15, 7.4 percent; and
  • 16 and over, 2.4 percent.



The source of the data is the Form ACF-108. Each State selects a sample of the JOBS participant population each month (or submits the entire JOBS participant universe each month) and transmits the data specified on the Form ACF-108 for each JOBS participant electronically to the ACF computer center.


Sample Design

Prior to submitting data, States developed a JOBS sampling plan that demonstrated the integrity of their sampling procedures. The sampling plan included a complete description of the sample frame, sample design and selection procedures. The sample frame consisted of all unduplicated JOBS individuals scheduled to participate in a component, actively engaged in assessment or employability planning in the month, or who had a job entry in the sample month or the month previous to the sample month.

Precision of the Estimates

The sample size must be large enough to provide a precision of plus or minus two percentage points for a 0.2 attribute at a 95 percent confidence level. This results in a required annual sample size of 1,537. Where appropriate, States may adjust the sample size using the following equation for the finite population correction factor: 1,537/(1+1,537/N), where N is the estimated average monthly number of JOBS participants subject to JOBS sampling for the fiscal year. The average monthly sample size is determined by dividing the required sample size by 12 and rounding the result up to the nearest whole number. A State must oversample by 10 percent in order to compensate for cases that might be dropped from the sample.

Response Errors

Data entries are based on information in the case record. Errors may have occurred because of misinterpretation of Form ACF-108 instructions and because of incomplete or out-of-date case record data. Errors may also have occurred in coding and transmission of data. There are no measures of the reliability of the coded information. Unreliable data entries that resulted in unreasonable data distributions were left in the tables unless specified otherwise.

Nonresponse Errors

Every effort was made to assure that each sample is complete. However, some States did not report some data elements. The following States did not report data for the following months of the fiscal year: Alaska, District of Columbia, Guam, and the Virgin Islands did not report any FY 1995 data; Massachusetts did not report August 95; Ohio did not report August and September 95; Wisconsin did not report November 94 through April 95; Texas did not report October 94; Kansas did not report March and April 95; Nebraska did not report January 95; Wyoming did not report October 94; Arizona did not report July 95; Oregon did not report January and February 95, and May and June 95; Washington did not report February 95 through September 95.

For some items, incorrect information was recorded or no response was given. Such items were recorded as unknown and are not imputed in the distribution.


Percentages less than .05% are rounded down to 0.0%.