Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review, 2013-2017

Project Overview

The Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review systematically reviewed the literature on the effectiveness of employment and training programs for low-income adults. The purpose of the review was:


To provide practitioners, policymakers, researchers, and the general public with a transparent and systematic assessment of the research evidence for effectiveness of programs designed to improve the employment-related outcomes of low-income adults.

Pre-specified standards and methods governed the review, which had four main activities: searching the literature, screening studies for eligibility, assessing each study’s strength of evidence, and extracting information reported in the studies.

Results were published in November 2015 at employmentstrategies.acf.hhs.gov. The website features a searchable database of all identified research, along with findings on key outcomes of interest and highlights of the characteristics of reviewed studies. It also describes the review’s standards and methods.

A series of briefs available beginning in spring 2016 will focus on synthesizing and examining employment strategies topics.

The point of contact is Emily Schmitt and Mathematica Policy Research conducted the review.

  • Assessing the Evidence Base: Strategies That Support Employment for Low-Income Adults

    Published: August 17, 2016

    The Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review identified, compiled, and reviewed studies of employment and training interventions for low-income adults. The review seeks to provide a transparent and systematic assessment of the research evidence for the effectiveness of programs designed to improve the employment-related outcomes of low-income adults...

  • Employment Strategies for Low- Income Adults Evidence Review: Standards and Methods

    Published: June 26, 2015

    This report explains in detail the criteria that govern the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review (ESER), a systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of employment and training programs for low-income adults. This detailed look includes the criteria for searching the literature, screening studies for eligibility, assessing each study’s strength of evidence, and extracting information reported in the studies...

  • Reviewing the Research on Improving Employment Outcomes for Low-Income Adults - Fact Sheet

    Published: June 26, 2015

    This fact sheet summarizes the criteria that govern the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review (ESER), a systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of employment and training programs for low-income adults. The summary includes the criteria for searching the literature, screening studies for eligibility, assessing each study’s strength of evidence, and extracting information reported in the studies...

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