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American Indians and Alaska Natives - What are State Recognized Tribes?
Published: March 19, 2014
- State recognized tribes are Indian tribes and heritage groups that are recognized by individual states for their various internal state government purposes.
- State recognition does not confer benefits under federal law unless federal law authorizes such benefits, as is the case for state recognized tribes under ANA’s Native American Programs Act (NAPA).
- According to a 2013 listing of the National Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL), there are sixteen states that have recognized Indian tribes (i.e., Native American groups with self-government authority) outside of the federal processes—Alabama, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and Washington. See http://www.ncsl.org/research/state-tribal-institute/list-of-federal-and-state-recognized-tribes.aspx#State
- State recognized Indian tribes are not federally recognized, but federally recognized tribes may also be state recognized.