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Overview of the Federal Offset Program

Published: April 26, 2012
Information About:
State/Local Child Support Agencies
Topics:
Federal Systems, Federal Offset Program (FOP), Financial Institution Data Match, Passport Denial
Types:
Guides/Publications/Reports
Tags:
Collection & Enforcement Systems

The Federal Offset Program assists States with the collection of delinquent child support debts by enforcing four remedies:

Federal Income Tax Refund Offset

Congress enacted the Federal Income Tax Refund Offset Program to recover delinquent child support debts. This remedy involves the interaction of all State child support agencies and three Federal agencies - the Office of Child Support Enforcement, the Financial Management Service, and the Internal Revenue Service.

Administrative Offset

The Debt Collection Improvement Act (DCIA) allows certain Federal payments (other than Federal tax refunds) to be offset. State participation in the administrative offset program is optional. A case may be submitted for administrative offset when the debt is at least $25 and is 30 days past due, although states have flexibility to determine a higher threshold. Both recurring and nonrecurring payments are eligible for administrative offset.

See the Executive Order 13019 "Supporting Families: Collecting Delinquent Child Support Obligations", September 28, 1996.

Policy and Technical Operations Information

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