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Transitional Living Program Fact Sheet

April 7, 2015

Last Reviewed: April 7, 2015

FYSB Mission

Photograph of two young women looking at books together.To support the organizations and communities that work every day to put an end to youth homelessness, adolescent pregnancy and domestic violence.

FYSB Vision

A future in which all our nation’s youth, individuals and families—no matter what challenges they may face—can live healthy, productive, violence-free lives.

Purpose

FYSB’s Transitional Living Program supports projects that provide long-term residential services to homeless youth ages 16-22. The services offered are designed to help young people who are homeless make a successful transition to self-sufficient living.

Transitional living programs are required to provide youth with stable, safe living accommodations, and services that help them develop the skills necessary to become independent. Living accommodations may include host-family homes, group homes, maternity group homes, or supervised apartments owned by the program or rented in the community. Transitional living programs helped nearly 3,000 homeless youth transition to life on their own in FY 2014.

Services

Transitional Living Program grantees are required to offer or refer for the following services:

  • Safe, stable living accommodations
  • Basic life-skill building, including consumer education and instruction in budgeting, the use of credit, housekeeping, menu planning, food preparation and parenting skills
  • Interpersonal skill building, including enhancing young people’s abilities to establish positive relationships with peers and adults, make decisions and manage stress
  • Educational opportunities, such as GED preparation, postsecondary training and vocational education
  • Assistance in job preparation and attainment, such as career counseling and job placement
  • Education, information and counseling to prevent, treat and reduce substance abuse
  • Trauma-informed mental health care, including individual and group counseling
  • Physical health care, including routine physicals, health assessments and emergency treatment

Transitional living programs also incorporate the Positive Youth Development, or PYD, approach into their programs. PYD suggests that the best way to prevent risky behavior is to help youth achieve their full potential. Youth development strategies focus on giving young people the chance to exercise leadership, build skills and become involved in their communities.

History

Thousands of young people run away or are forced to leave their homes each year. Since 1975, the Federal Government has funded emergency shelter programs for runaway and homeless youth to provide for their immediate needs and promote family reunification. Unfortunately, many homeless young people can’t go home. In response to growing concern for youth in need of long-term, supportive assistance that emergency shelter programs were not designed to provide, Congress created the Transitional Living Program for Older Homeless Youth as part of the 1988 Amendments to the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974. FYSB funded the first transitional living programs in 1990.

Grant Award Process

FYSB funds the Transitional Living Program under the provisions of the Reconnecting Homeless Youth Act of 2008 (Public Law 110-378).

In FY 2014, 200 grantees received $43.65 million total. FYSB solicits applications for the Transitional Living Program by posting funding announcements on the Grants.gov Web site. Applications are competitively reviewed by peer panels, and successful applicants receive five-year grants.

Contact Us

National Clearinghouse on Families & Youth
5515 Security Lane, Suite 800
North Bethesda, MD 20852
Telephone:  (301) 608-8098
Fax:  (301) 587-4352

Online:
NCFY
Email: ncfy@acf.hhs.gov
FYSB
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