Emergency Preparedness Resources for Child Care Programs
The following is a sample of Federal agencies, national organizations, and publications that have information for child care providers about emergency preparedness and disaster response. OCC does not endorse any non-Federal organization, publication, or resource.
Federal Agencies and Federally Funded Projects
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
CDC is the agency responsible for developing and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education activities for the country. Information and resources about responding to many types of emergencies are available on the Emergency Preparedness and Response page of the CDC’s Web site at http://emergency.cdc.gov/.
Department of Homeland Security (DHS)
202-282-8000 (citizen line)
DHS has responsibility for ensuring that emergency response professionals are prepared in the event of a terrorist attack, natural disaster, or other large-scale emergency. This entails providing a coordinated, comprehensive Federal response to any large-scale crisis and mounting a swift and effective recovery effort. DHS also prioritizes citizen preparedness. Special attention is given to educating America’s families about how best to prepare their homes for a disaster and how to respond in a crisis.
The State Homeland Security and Emergency Services Web page lists agencies in each State that work with local government emergency managers, other State agencies, voluntary organizations, and Federal agencies to ensure comprehensive, efficient, and effective responses to emergencies and disasters. This information is available at www.dhs.gov/state-homeland-security-and-emergency-services.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
800-621-3362 (disaster assistance)
FEMA is a former independent agency that became part of DHS in March 2003. Since its founding in 1979, FEMA’s mission is to prepare the Nation for all hazards and effectively manage Federal response and recovery efforts following any national incident. FEMA also initiates proactive mitigation activities, trains first responders, and manages the National Flood Insurance Program and the U.S. Fire Administration. FEMA provides a comprehensive, risk-based, emergency management program through mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery.
The Plan Ahead section of FEMA’s Web site provides information about actions that families can take to prepare for emergencies, including the following:
- The Are You Ready? An In-depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness resource;
- Information about preparing for hazards;
- Information about protecting your family and property; and
- Information about preventing disaster losses.
These resources are available at http://www.fema.gov/plan-prepare-mitigate.
- The FEMA for Kids Web site gives activity ideas for children to learn about disasters, provides resources for further study, and offers activity ideas for parents and teachers. http://www.ready.gov/kids
- The Resources for Parents and Teachers Web site includes lecture materials, suggested classroom exercises, and sources for more information in support of World Disaster Reduction Day, which is celebrated on October 14 both in this country and around the world.
National Commission on Children and Disasters
In an effort to create a coordinated response to the needs of children in disaster recovery, the U.S. Congress created the National Commission on Children and Disasters, which made recommendations to Congress and the President about how to provide comprehensive services to children and families who are victims of disasters. National Commission on Children and Disasters: 2010 Report to the President and Congress (October 2010), includes recommendations about preparing the child care sector to respond to the needs of children, families, and providers.
The report includes the following recommendations with regard to child care and addresses them in detail:
- Recommendation 6.1: Congress and HHS should improve disaster preparedness capabilities for child care.
- Recommendation 6.2: Congress and Federal agencies should improve capacity to provide child care services in the immediate aftermath of and recovery from a disaster.
- Recommendation 6.3: HHS should require disaster preparedness capabilities for Head Start Centers and basic disaster mental health training for staff.
The full report is available on the Commission’s Web site at http://cybercemetery.unt.edu/archive/nccd/20110427002908/http:/www.ch....
Office of Child Care
Administration for Children and Families
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Emergency Preparedness Resources for Disasters and Emergencies
This Web resource provides information for CCDF grantees and child care providers to assist in preparing for and responding to emergencies. Included are Information Memoranda that provide guidance for the use of CCDF funds in an emergency and Federal Emergency Management Agency reimbursement for child care services following a disaster, and the Emergency Preparedness Checklist for CCDF Administrators.
American Red Cross National Headquarters
Disaster assistance information: 866-GET-INFO (866-438-4636)
The American Red Cross developed one-page lists of recommended actions from the Homeland Security Advisory System for people, families, schools, businesses, and neighborhoods to take for each of the color-coded alert levels. These recommendations are available at www.redcross.org/portal/site/en/menuitem.d8aaecf214c576bf971e4cfe43181aa0/?vgnextoid=0dc51a53f1c37110VgnVCM10000 03481a10aRCRD&vgnextfmt=default.
Center for Public Health and Disasters (CPHD)
University of California, Los Angeles
CPHD was established in 1997 to address the critical issues that arise when a disaster impacts a community. It provides extensive information focusing on emergency and disaster and public health. CPHD offers resources for hazard risk assessment, incident action planning, and pandemic flu preparedness. These resources are available at www.cphd.ucla.edu/resources.html.
Preparing for the Flu: A Communication Toolkit for Child Care and Early Childhood Programs (September 2009) by CDC.
Keeping Children Safe: A Policy Agenda for Child Care in Emergencies (2008) by the National Association of Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies (NACCRRA).
Supporting Children in U.S. Disasters (June 2007) by Save the Children.
Disaster Preparation: A Training for Child Care Centers by NACCRRA.
Disaster Preparation: A Training for Family Child Care Providers by NACCRRA.
Is Child Care Ready? A Disaster Planning Guide for Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies (2006) by NACCRRA.
“Sample Emergency Planning Forms” (2006), in Is Child Care Ready? A Disaster Planning Guide for Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies, by NACCRRA.
Ready to Respond: Emergency Preparedness Plan for Early Care and Education Centers (2003) by Bright Horizons Family Solutions.
Emergency/disaster Preparedness for Child Care Programs: Applicable Standards From Caring for Our Children: National Health and Safety Performance Standards: Guidelines for Out-of-home Child Care(2002), 2nd ed., by the American Academy of Pediatrics, American Public Health Association, and the Health Resource and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.
Last Reviewed: March 2, 2015