AFI Manual- Intro to General Policy
Introduction to AFI General Policy
AFI General Policy
► 3.1 Introduction to AFI General Policy
► 3.2 Introduction to the AFI Funding Opportunity Announcement
► 3.3 AFI Announcement of Funding Opportunity
► 3.4 Introduction to the Assets for Independence Act
► 3.5 Assets for Independence Act
► 3.6 Introduction to the AFI Program Information Memorandums
Introduction to AFI General Policy
This section includes copies of core program documents that present and explain the major rules and procedures for the Assets for Independence program.
AFI Funding Opportunity Announcement. The funding opportunity announcement, which will be effective until cancelled by the Office of Community Services, provides basic information and guidelines about AFI and detailed guidance on applying for new AFI grants.
Assets for Independence Act. This is the Federal law that authorizes the Office of Community Services to administer the AFI Program. The act provides the framework for the overall program. It includes several program design requirements that apply to all projects, including, for example, design of the Project Reserve Account, participant eligibility, and eligible categories of assets.
Information Memorandums. These documents provide guidance on a number of program topics. Please place additional information memos behind this tab as they are published and distributed by OCS. AFI program staff will notify grantees of new memorandums through the ListServ. All memorandums are available on the AFI Asset-Building Web site.
Introduction to the AFI Funding Opportunity Announcement
This section includes a place where you can insert a copy of the most current AFI Program funding opportunity Announcement. OCS published a general funding opportunity announcement on February 9, 2005, and it has updated that announcement with minor updates since that time. We encourage you to download and print the current announcement and add it in this section of your handbook.
The current announcement and additional information documents are available on the AFI, ACF, and Grants.gov Web sites.
Note: When OCS publishes any amendments to the general AFI Program funding opportunity announcement, the AFI Resource Center will post them on the AFI Asset-Building Web site and notify the AFI Listservs.
The current AFI Program funding opportunity announcement sets multiple application deadlines. These are November 1, March 15 and June 15 of each Federal Fiscal Year.
OCS will not republish the AFI announcement before each funding cycle.
OCS has established a new policy of not publishing funding opportunity announcements in the Federal Register. All such announcements, and amendments, will be published via the Grants.gov Web site and posted on the Asset-Building Web site.
AFI Announcement of Funding Opportunity
If you are preparing an application or want to check general program priorities, be sure you are using the current announcement from one of the AFI, ACF, or Grants.gov Web sites.
Introduction to the Assets for Independence Act
The Assets for Independence Act (AFIA) is the Federal law that authorizes the Office of Community Services to administer the AFI Program. AFIA is a subcomponent of the overarching Community Opportunities, Accountability, and Training and Educational Services Act of 1998. It was amended in 2000. The law explicitly requires grantees to use particular design elements in their AFI Projects.
The following sections are of particular interest:
- Section 404 (definitions)
- Section 407 (reserve fund)
- Section 408 (eligibility)
- Section 410 (deposits and withdrawals)
- Section 415 (clause protecting other public benefits).
The AFI Resource Center has developed a variety of tip sheets and other tools to assist grantees in applying the terms of the act. Many of these are found in the next section of this Handbook, on project administration, and on the AFI Asset-Building Web site.
Assets for Independence Act
Community Opportunities, Accountability, And Training And Educational Services Act Of 1998
Public Law 105-285
TITLE IV-- ASSETS FOR INDEPENDENCE
Assets for Independence Act. 42 USC 604 note
Note: On Dec. 21, 2000 , the Congress amended the Assets for Independence Act in the Assets for Independence Act Amendments (AFIA Amendments).
SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE.
This title may be cited as the "Assets for Independence Act".
SEC. 402. FINDINGS.
Congress makes the following findings:
- Economic well-being does not come solely from income, spending, and consumption, but also requires savings, investment, and accumulation of assets because assets can improve economic independence and stability, connect individuals with a viable and hopeful future, stimulate development of human and other capital, and enhance the welfare of offspring.
- Fully 1/2 of all Americans have either no, negligible, or negative assets available for investment, just as the price of entry to the economic mainstream, the cost of a house, an adequate education, and starting a business, is increasing. Further, the household savings rate of the United States lags far behind other industrial nations, presenting a barrier to economic growth.
- In the current tight fiscal environment, the United States should invest existing resources in high-yield initiatives. There is reason to believe that the financial returns, including increased income, tax revenue, and decreased welfare cash assistance, resulting from individual development accounts will far exceed the cost of investment in those accounts.
- Traditional public assistance programs concentrating on income and consumption have rarely been successful in promoting and supporting the transition to increased economic self-sufficiency. Income-based domestic policy should be complemented with asset-based policy because, while income-based policies ensure that consumption needs (including food, child care, rent, clothing, and health care) are met, asset-based policies provide the means to achieve greater independence and economic well-being.
SEC. 403. PURPOSES.
The purposes of this title are to provide for the establishment of demonstration
projects designed to determine--
- the social, civic, psychological, and economic effects of providing to individuals and families with limited means an incentive to accumulate assets by saving a portion of their earned income;
- the extent to which an asset-based policy that promotes saving for postsecondary education, homeownership, and microenterprise development may be used to enable individuals and families with limited means to increase their economic self-sufficiency; and
- the extent to which an asset-based policy stabilizes and improves families and the community in which the families live.
SEC. 404. DEFINITIONS.
In this title:
- APPLICABLE PERIOD.-The term ''applicable period'' means, with respect to amounts to be paid from a grant made for a project year, the calendar year immediately preceding the calendar year in which the grant is made.
- ELIGIBLE INDIVIDUAL.-The term ''eligible individual'' means an individual who is selected to participate in a demonstration project by a qualified entity under section 409.
- EMERGENCY WITHDRAWAL.-The term ''emergency withdrawal'' means a withdrawal by an eligible individual that-
A. is a withdrawal of only those funds, or a portion of those funds, deposited by the
individual in the individual development account of the individual;
B. is permitted by a qualified entity on a case-by-case basis; and
C. is made for-
i. expenses for medical care or necessary to obtain medical care, for the individual
or a spouse or dependent of the individual described in paragraph (8);
ii. payments necessary to prevent the eviction of the individual from the residence
of the individual, or foreclosure on the mortgage for the principal residence of
the individual, as defined in paragraph (8); or
iii. payments necessary to enable the individual to meet necessary living expenses
following loss of employment.
4. HOUSEHOLD.-The term ''household'' means all individuals who share use of a dwelling
unit as primary quarters for living and eating separate from other individuals.
5. INDIVIDUAL DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNT.-
A. IN GENERAL.-The term ''individual development account'' means a trust created or
organized in the United States exclusively for the purpose of paying the qualified
expenses of an eligible individual, or enabling the eligible individual to make an
emergency withdrawal, but only if the written governing instrument creating the
trust contains the following requirements:
i. No contribution will be accepted unless the contribution is in cash or by check.
ii. The trustee is a federally insured financial institution, or a State insured financial
institution if no federally insured financial institution is available.
iii. The assets of the trust will be invested in accordance with the direction of the
eligible individual after consultation with the qualified entity providing deposits
for the individual under section 410.
iv. The assets of the trust will not be commingled with other property except in a
common trust fund or common investment fund.
v. Except as provided in clause , any amount in the trust that is attributable to a
deposit provided under section 410 may be paid or distributed out of the trust
only for the purpose of paying the qualified expenses of the eligible individual.
vi. Any balance in the trust on the day after the date on which the individual for
whose benefit the trust is established dies shall be distributed within 30 days
of that date as directed by that individual to another individual development
account established for the benefit of an eligible individual.
B. CUSTODIAL ACCOUNTS.-For purposes of subparagraph (A), a custodial account
shall be treated as a trust if the assets of the custodial account are held by a bank
(as defined in section 408(n) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) or another
person who demonstrates, to the satisfaction of the Secretary, that the manner in
which such person will administer the custodial account will be consistent with the
requirements of this title, and if the custodial account would, except for the fact that
it is not a trust, constitute an individual development account described in
subparagraph. For purposes of this title, in the case of a custodial account treated
as a trust by reason of the preceding sentence, the custodian of that custodial
account shall be treated as the trustee of the account.
6. PROJECT YEAR.-The term ''project year'' means, with respect to a demonstration project,
any of the 5 consecutive 12-month periods beginning on the date the project is originally
authorized to be conducted.
7. QUALIFIED ENTITY.-
A. IN GENERAL.-The term ''qualified entity'' means-
i. one or more not-for-profit organizations described in section 501of the Internal
Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation under section 501 of such
ii. a State or local government agency, or a tribal government, submitting an
application under section 405 jointly with an organization described in clause ; or
iii. an entity that-
a. a credit union designated as a low-income credit union by the
National Credit Union Administration (NCUA); or
b. an organization designated as a community development financial
institution by the Secretary of the Treasury (or the Community
Development Financial Institutions Fund); and
II. can demonstrate a collaborative relationship with a local community-
based organization whose activities are designed to address poverty
in the community and the needs of community members for economic
independence and stability.
B. RULE OF CONSTRUCTION.-Nothing in this paragraph shall be construed as
preventing an organization described in subparagraph (A)from collaborating with
a financial institution or for-profit community development corporation to carry out
the purposes of this title.
8. QUALIFIED EXPENSES.-The term ''qualified expenses'' means one or more of the
following, as provided by a qualified entity:
A. (A)POSTSECONDARY EDUCATIONAL EXPENSES.- Postsecondary educational
expenses paid from an individual development account directly to an eligible
educational institution. In this subparagraph:
i. POSTSECONDARY EDUCATIONAL EXPENSES.-The term ''postsecondary
educational expenses'' means the following:
I. TUITION AND FEES.-Tuition and fees required for the enrollment or
attendance of a student at an eligible educational institution.
II. FEES, BOOKS, SUPPLIES, AND EQUIPMENT.-Fees, books, supplies,
and equipment required for courses of instruction at an eligible
ii. ELIGIBLE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTION.-The term ''eligible educational
institution'' means the following:
I. INSTITUTION OF HIGHER EDUCATION.-An institution described in section
101 or 102 of the Higher Education Act of 1965.
II. POSTSECONDARY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION SCHOOL.-An area
vocational education school (as defined in subparagraph or of section
521of the Carl D. Perkins Vocational and Applied Technology Education
Act (20 U.S.C. 2471)) which is in any State (as defined in section 521(33)
of such Act), as such sections are in effect on the date of enactment of
B. FIRST-HOME PURCHASE.-Qualified acquisition costs with respect to a principal
residence for a qualified first-time homebuyer, if paid from individual development
account directly to the persons to whom the amounts are due. In this subparagraph:
i. PRINCIPAL RESIDENCE.-The term ''principal residence'' means a main
residence, the qualified acquisition costs of which do not exceed 120 percent
of the average area purchase price applicable to such residence.
ii. QUALIFIED ACQUISITION COSTS.-The term ''qualified acquisition costs'' means
the costs of acquiring, constructing, or reconstructing a residence. The term
includes any usual or reasonable settlement, financing, or other closing costs.
iii. QUALIFIED FIRST-TIME HOMEBUYER.-
I. IN GENERAL.-The term ''qualified first-time homebuyer'' means an
individual participating in the project involved (and, if married, the
individual's spouse) who has no present ownership interest in a principal
residence during the 3-year period ending on the date of acquisition of
the principal residence to which this subparagraph applies.
II. DATE OF ACQUISITION.-The term ''date of acquisition'' means the date
on which a binding contract to acquire, construct, or reconstruct the
principal residence to which this subparagraph applies is entered into.
C. BUSINESS CAPITALIZATION.-Amounts paid from an individual development account
directly to a business capitalization account that is established in a federally insured
financial institution (or in a State insured financial institution if no federally insured
financial institution is available) and is restricted to use solely for qualified business
capitalization expenses. In this subparagraph:
i. QUALIFIED BUSINESS CAPITALIZATION EXPENSES.-
The term ''qualified business capitalization expenses'' means qualified
expenditures for the capitalization of a qualified business pursuant to a
ii. QUALIFIED EXPENDITURES.-The term ''qualified expenditures'' means
expenditures included in a qualified plan, including capital, plant, equipment,
working capital, and inventory expenses.
iii. QUALIFIED BUSINESS.-The term ''qualified business'' means any business
that does not contravene any law or public policy (as determined by the
iv. QUALIFIED PLAN.-The term ''qualified plan'' means a business plan, or a plan
to use a business asset purchased, which-
I. is approved by a financial institution, a microenterprise development
organization, or a nonprofit loan fund having demonstrated fiduciary
II. includes a description of services or goods to be sold, a marketing plan,
and projected financial statements; and
III. may require the eligible individual to obtain the assistance of an
experienced entrepreneurial adviser.
D. TRANSFERS TO IDAS OF FAMILY MEMBERS.-Amounts paid from an individual
development account directly into another such account established for the benefit
of an eligible individual who is -
i. the individual's spouse; or
ii. any dependent of the individual with respect to whom the individual is allowed a
deduction under section 151 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
9. QUALIFIED SAVINGS OF THE INDIVIDUAL FOR THE PERIOD.-The term ''qualified
savings of the individual for the period'' means the aggregate of the amounts contributed
by an individual to the individual development account of the individual during the period.
10. SECRETARY.-The term ''Secretary'' means the Secretary of Health and Human Services,
acting through the Director of Community Services.
11. TRIBAL GOVERNMENT.-The term ''tribal government'' means a tribal organization, as
defined in section 4 of the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act
(25 U.S.C. 450b) or a Native Hawaiian organization, as defined in section 9212 of the
Native Hawaiian Education Act (20 U.S.C. 7912).
SEC. 405. APPLICATIONS.
a. ANNOUNCEMENT OF DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.- Not later than 3 months after the
date of enactment of this title, the Secretary shall publicly announce the availability of
funding under this title for demonstration projects and shall ensure that applications to
conduct the demonstration projects are widely available to qualified entities.
b. SUBMISSION.-Not later than 6 months after the date of enactment of this title, a qualified
entity may submit to the Secretary an application to conduct a demonstration project
under this title.
c. CRITERIA.-In considering whether to approve an application to conduct a demonstration
project under this title, the Secretary shall assess the following:
SUFFICIENCY OF PROJECT.-The degree to which the project described in the application
appears likely to aid project participants in achieving economic self-sufficiency through activities requiring one or more qualified expenses.
ADMINISTRATIVE ABILITY.-The experience and ability of the applicant to responsibly
administer the project.
ABILITY TO ASSIST PARTICIPANTS.-The experience and ability of the applicant in
recruiting, educating, and assisting project participants to increase their economic
independence and general well-being through the development of assets.
COMMITMENT OF NON-FEDERAL FUNDS.-The aggregate amount of direct funds from
non-Federal public sector and from private sources that are formally committed to the
project as matching contributions.
ADEQUACY OF PLAN FOR PROVIDING INFORMATION FOR EVALUATION.-The
adequacy of the plan for providing information relevant to an evaluation of the project.
OTHER FACTORS.-Such other factors relevant to the purposes of this title as the
Secretary may specify.
d. PREFERENCES.-In considering an application to conduct a demonstration project under
this title, the Secretary shall give preference to an application that-
demonstrates the willingness and ability to select individuals described in section 408 who
are predominantly from households in which a child (or children) is living with the child's
biological or adoptive mother or father, or with the child's legal guardian;
provides a commitment of non-Federal funds with a proportionately greater amount of
such funds committed from private sector sources; and
targets such individuals residing within one or more relatively well-defined neighborhoods
or communities (including rural communities) that experience high rates of poverty or
e. APPROVAL.-Not later than 9 months after the date of enactment of this title, the
Secretary shall, on a competitive basis, approve such applications to conduct
demonstration projects under this title as the Secretary considers to be appropriate,
taking into account the assessments required by subsections and The Secretary shall
ensure, to the maximum extent practicable, that the applications that are approved
involve a range of communities (both rural and urban) and diverse populations.
f. CONTRACTS WITH NONPROFIT ENTITIES.-The Secretary may contract with an entity
described in section 501of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 and exempt from taxation
under section 501 of such Code to carry out any responsibility of the Secretary under
this section or section 412 if -
- such entity demonstrates the ability to carry out such responsibility; and
the Secretary can demonstrate that such responsibility would not be carried out by the
Secretary at a lower cost.
g. GRANDFATHERING OF EXISTING STATEWIDE PROGRAMS.-Any statewide individual
asset-building program that is carried out in a manner consistent with the purposes of
this title, that is established under State law as of the date of enactment of this Act, and
that as of such date is operating with an annual State appropriation of not less than
$1,000,000 in non-Federal funds, shall be deemed to meet the eligibility requirements
of this subtitle, and the entity carrying out the program shall be deemed to be a qualified
entity. The Secretary shall consider funding the statewide program as a demonstration
project described in this subtitle. In considering the statewide program for funding, the
Secretary shall review an application submitted by the entity carrying out such statewide
program under this section, notwithstanding the preference requirements listed in
subsection (d). Any program requirements under sections 407 through 411 that are
inconsistent with State statutory requirements in effect on the date of enactment of this
Act, governing such statewide program, shall not apply to the program.
SEC. 406. DEMONSTRATION AUTHORITY; ANNUAL GRANTS.
a. DEMONSTRATION AUTHORITY.-If the Secretary approves an application to conduct a
demonstration project under this title, the Secretary shall, not later than 10 months after
the date of enactment of this title, authorize the applicant to conduct the project for 5
project years in accordance with the approved application and the requirements of this
b. GRANT AUTHORITY.-For each project year of a demonstration project conducted under
this title, the Secretary may make a grant to the qualified entity authorized to conduct the
project. In making such a grant, the Secretary shall make the grant on the first day of the
project year in an amount not to exceed the lesser of-the aggregate amount of funds
committed as matching contributions from non-Federal public or private sector sources;
SEC. 407. RESERVE FUND.
a. ESTABLISHMENT.-A qualified entity under this title, other than a State or local
government agency or a tribal government, shall establish a Reserve Fund that shall be
maintained in accordance with this section.
b. AMOUNTS IN RESERVE FUND.-
IN GENERAL.-As soon after receipt as is practicable, a qualified entity shall deposit in the
Reserve Fund established under subsection (a)-
A. all funds provided to the qualified entity from any public or private source in
connection with the demonstration project; and
B. the proceeds from any investment made under subsection (c)(2).
2. UNIFORM ACCOUNTING REGULATIONS.-The Secretary shall prescribe regulations with
respect to accounting for amounts in the Reserve Fund established under subsection (a).
c. USE OF AMOUNTS IN THE RESERVE FUND.-
IN GENERAL.-A qualified entity shall use the amounts in the Reserve Fund established
under subsection (a) to-
A. assist participants in the demonstration project in obtaining the skills (including
economic literacy, budgeting, credit, and counseling skills) and information necessary
to achieve economic self-sufficiency through activities requiring qualified expenses;
B. provide deposits in accordance with section 410 for individuals selected by the
qualified entity to participate in the demonstration project;
C. administer the demonstration project; and
D. provide the research organization evaluating the demonstration project under section
414 with such information with respect to the demonstration project as may be
required for the evaluation.
2. AUTHORITY TO INVEST FUNDS.-
A. GUIDELINES.-The Secretary shall establish guidelines for investing amounts in the Reserve
Fund established under subsection in a manner that provides an appropriate balance
between return, liquidity, and risk.
B. INVESTMENT.-A qualified entity shall invest the amounts in its Reserve Fund that are not
immediately needed to carry out the provisions of paragraph (1), in accordance with the
guidelines established under subparagraph (A).
3. LIMITATION ON USES.-Not more than 15 percent of the amounts provided to a qualified
entity under section 406(b) shall be used by the qualified entity for the purposes
described in subparagraphs (A), (C), and (D) of paragraph (1), of which not less than 2
percent of the amounts shall be used by the qualified entity for the purposes described in
paragraph (1)(D). Of the total amount specified in this paragraph, not more than 7.5
percent shall be used for administrative functions under paragraph (1)(C), including
program management, reporting requirements, recruitment and enrollment of individuals,
and monitoring. The remainder of the total amount specified in this paragraph (not
including the amount specified for use for the purposes described in paragraph (1)(D))
shall be used for nonadministrative functions described in paragraph (1)(A), including
case management, budgeting. economic literacy, and credit counseling. If the cost of
nonadministrative functions described in paragraph (1)(A) is less than 5.5 percent of
the total amount specified in this paragraph, such excess funds may be used for
administrative functions. If two or more qualified entities are jointly administering a project,
no qualified entity shall use more than its proportional share for the purposes described
in subparagraphs (A),(C), and (D) of paragraph (1).
d. UNUSED FEDERAL GRANT FUNDS TRANSFERRED TO THE SECRETARY WHEN
PROJECT TERMINATES.- Notwithstanding subsection (c), upon the termination of any
demonstration project authorized under this section, the qualified entity conducting the
project shall transfer to the Secretary an amount equal to-
- the amounts in its Reserve Fund at the time of the termination; multiplied by
- a percentage equal to-
A. the aggregate amount of grants made to the qualified entity under section 406(b); divided by
B. the aggregate amount of all funds provided to the qualified entity from all sources to conduct
SEC. 408. ELIGIBILITY FOR PARTICIPATION.
a. IN GENERAL.- Any individual who is a member of a household that is eligible for
assistance under the State temporary assistance for needy families program
established under part A of title IV of the Social Security Act (42 U.S.C. 601 et seq.),
or that meets each of the following requirements shall be eligible to participate in a
demonstration project conducted under this title:
- INCOME TEST.-The adjusted gross income of the household is equal to or less than 200 percent of the poverty line (as determined by the Office of Management and Budget) or the earned income amount described in section 32 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (taking into account the size of the household).
- NET WORTH TEST.-
A. IN GENERAL.-The net worth of the household, as of the end of the calendar year
preceding the determination of eligibility, does not exceed $10,000.
B. DETERMINATION OF NET WORTH.-For purposes of subparagraph (A), the net worth
of a household is the amount equal to-
i. the aggregate market value of all assets that are owned in whole or in part by
any member of the household; minus
ii. the obligations or debts of any member of the household.
C. EXCLUSIONS.-For purposes of determining the net worth of a household, a
household's assets shall not be considered to include the primary dwelling unit
and one motor vehicle owned by a member of the household.
b. INDIVIDUALS UNABLE TO COMPLETE THE PROJECT.-The Secretary shall establish
such regulations as are necessary to ensure compliance with this title if an individual
participating in the demonstration project moves from the community in which the project
is conducted or is otherwise unable to continue participating in that project, including
regulations prohibiting future eligibility to participate in any other demonstration project
conducted under this title.
SEC. 409. SELECTION OF INDIVIDUALS TO PARTICIPATE.
From among the individuals eligible to participate in a demonstration project conducted under
this title, each qualified entity shall select the individuals-
- that the qualified entity determines to be best suited to participate; and
- to whom the qualified entity will provide deposits in accordance with section 410.
SEC. 410. DEPOSITS BY QUALIFIED ENTITIES.
a. IN GENERAL.-Not less than once every 3 months during each project year, each qualified
entity under this title shall deposit in the individual development account of each
individual participating in the project, or into a parallel account maintained by the
- from the non-Federal funds described in section 405(c)(4), a matching contribution of not less than $0.50 and not more than $4 for every $1 of earned income (as defined in section 911(d)(2) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) deposited in the account by a project participant during that period;
- from the grant made under section 406(b), an amount equal to the matching contribution made under paragraph (1); and
- any interest that has accrued on amounts deposited under paragraph or on behalf of that individual into the individual development account of the individual or into a parallel account maintained by the qualified entity.
b. LIMITATION ON DEPOSITS FOR AN INDIVIDUAL.-Not more than $2,000 from a grant
made under section 406(b) shall be provided to any one individual over the course of
the demonstration project.
c. LIMITATION ON DEPOSITS FOR A HOUSEHOLD.-Not more than $4,000 from a grant
made under section 406(b) shall be provided to any one household over the course of
the demonstration project.
d. WITHDRAWAL OF FUNDS.-The Secretary shall establish such guidelines as may be
necessary to ensure that funds held in an individual development account are not
withdrawn, except for one or more qualified expenses, or for an emergency withdrawal.
Such guidelines shall include a requirement that a responsible official of the qualified
entity conducting a project approve a withdrawal from such an account in writing. The
guidelines shall provide that no individual may withdraw funds from an individual
development account earlier than 6 months after the date on which the individual first
deposits funds in the account.
e. REIMBURSEMENT.-An individual shall reimburse an individual development account for
any funds withdrawn from the account for an emergency withdrawal, not later than 12
months after the date of the withdrawal. If the individual fails to make the reimbursement,
the qualified entity administering the account shall transfer the funds deposited into the
account or a parallel account under this section to the Reserve Fund of the qualified
entity, and use the funds to benefit other individuals participating in the demonstration
SEC. 411. LOCAL CONTROL OVER DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS.
A qualified entity under this title, other than a State or local government agency or a tribal government, shall, subject to the provisions of section 413, have sole authority over the administration of the project. The Secretary may prescribe only such regulations or guidelines with respect to demonstration projects conducted under this title as are necessary to ensure compliance with the approved applications and the requirements of this title.
SEC. 412. ANNUAL PROGRESS REPORTS.
a. IN GENERAL.-Each qualified entity under this title shall prepare an annual report on the
progress of the demonstration project. Each report shall include both program and
participant information and shall specify for the period covered by the report the following
The number and characteristics of individuals making a deposit into an individual
- The amounts in the Reserve Fund established with respect to the project.
- The amounts deposited in the individual development accounts.
The amounts withdrawn from the individual development accounts and the purposes for
which such amounts were withdrawn.
- The balances remaining in the individual development accounts.
The savings account characteristics (such as threshold amounts and match rates)
required to stimulate participation in the demonstration project, and how such
characteristics vary among different populations or communities.
What service configurations of the qualified entity (such as configurations relating to
peer support, structured planning exercises, mentoring, and case management)
increased the rate and consistency of participation in the demonstration project and
how such configurations varied among different populations or communities.
Such other information as the Secretary may require to evaluate the demonstration
b. SUBMISSION OF REPORTS.-The qualified entity shall submit each report required to be
prepared under subsection (a) to-
- the Secretary; and
the Treasurer (or equivalent official) of the State in which the project is conducted, if the
State or a local government or a tribal government committed funds to the demonstration
c. TIMING.-The first report required by subsection (a) shall be submitted not later than 60
days after the end of the project year in which the Secretary authorized the qualified
entity to conduct the demonstration project, and subsequent reports shall be submitted
every 12 months thereafter, until the conclusion of the project.
Section 607 of the AFIA Amendments stipulates that "Notwithstanding the amendment, the submission of the initial report of a qualified gentility under section 412shall not be required prior to the date that is 90 days after the date of enactment of this title."
SEC. 413. SANCTIONS.
a. AUTHORITY TO TERMINATE DEMONSTRATION PROJECT.-If the Secretary determines
that a qualified entity under this title is not operating a demonstration project in
accordance with the entity's approved application under section 405 or the requirements
of this title (and has not implemented any corrective recommendations directed by the
Secretary), the Secretary shall terminate such entity's authority to conduct the
b. ACTIONS REQUIRED UPON TERMINATION.-If the Secretary terminates the authority to
conduct a demonstration project, the Secretary-
- shall suspend the demonstration project;
- shall take control of the Reserve Fund established pursuant to section 407;
shall make every effort to identify another qualified entity (or entities) willing and able to
conduct the project in accordance with the approved application (or, if modification is
necessary to incorporate the recommendations, the application as modified) and the
requirements of this title;
- shall, if the Secretary identifies an entity (or entities) described in paragraph 3 -
A. authorize the entity (or entities) to conduct the project in accordance with the
approved application (or, if modification is necessary to incorporate the
recommendations, the application as modified) and the requirements of this title;
B. transfer to the entity (or entities) control over the Reserve Fund established
pursuant to section 407; and
C. consider, for purposes of this title-
i. such other entity (or entities) to be the qualified entity (or entities) originally
authorized to conduct the demonstration project; and
ii. the date of such authorization to be the date of the original authorization; and
5. if, by the end of the 1-year period beginning on the date of the termination, the Secretary
has not found a qualified entity (or entities) described in paragraph 3, shall-
A. terminate the project; and
B. from the amount remaining in the Reserve Fund established as part of the project,
remit to each source that provided funds under section 405to the entity originally
authorized to conduct the project, an amount that bears the same ratio to the amount
so remaining as the amount provided from the source under section 405bears to the
amount provided from all such sources under that section.
SEC. 414. EVALUATIONS.
a. IN GENERAL.-Not later than 10 months after the date of enactment of this title, the
Secretary shall enter into a contract with an independent research organization to
evaluate the demonstration projects conducted under this title, individually and as a
group, including evaluating all qualified entities participating in and sources providing
funds for the demonstration projects conducted under this title.
b. FACTORS TO EVALUATE.-In evaluating any demonstration project conducted under this
title, the research organization shall address the following factors:
The effects of incentives and organizational or institutional support on savings behavior
in the demonstration project.
The savings rates of individuals in the demonstration project based on demographic
characteristics including gender, age, family size, race or ethnic background, and income.
The economic, civic, psychological, and social effects of asset accumulation, and how
such effects vary among different populations or communities.
The effects of individual development accounts on savings rates, homeownership, level
of postsecondary education attained, and self-employment, and how such effects vary
among different populations or communities.
The potential financial returns to the Federal Government and to other public sector and
private sector investors in individual development accounts over a 5-year and 10-year
period of time.
The lessons to be learned from the demonstration projects conducted under this title and
if a permanent program of individual development accounts should be established.
- Such other factors as may be prescribed by the Secretary.
c. METHODOLOGICAL REQUIREMENTS.-In evaluating any demonstration project
conducted under this title, the research organization shall- for at least one site,
use control groups to compare participants with nonparticipants; before, during,
and after the project, obtain such quantitative data as are necessary to evaluate
the project thoroughly; and develop a qualitative assessment, derived from
sources such as in-depth interviews, of how asset accumulation affects individuals
d. REPORTS BY THE SECRETARY.-
INTERIM REPORTS.-Not later than 90 days after the end of the project year in which
the Secretary first authorizes a qualified entity to conduct a demonstration project under
this title, and every 12 months thereafter until all demonstration projects conducted under
this title are completed, the Secretary shall submit to Congress an interim report setting
forth the results of the reports submitted pursuant to section 412.
FINAL REPORTS.-Not later than 12 months after the conclusion of all demonstration
projects conducted under this title, the Secretary shall submit to Congress a final
report setting forth the results and findings of all reports and evaluations conducted
pursuant to this title.
Note: Sec 608 pf the AFIA Amendments stipulates "Notwithstanding the amendment, the submission of the initial interim report of the Secretary under section 412shall not be required prior to the date that is 90 days after the date of enactment of this title."
e. EVALUATION EXPENSES.- Of the amount appropriated under section 416 for a fiscal
year, the Secretary may expend not more than $500,000 for such fiscal year to carry
out the objectives of this section.
SEC. 415. NO REDUCTION IN BENEFITS
Notwithstanding any other provision of Federal law (other than the Internal Revenue Code of 1986) that requires consideration of 1 or more financial circumstances of an individual, for the purpose of determining eligibility to receive, or the amount of, any assistance or benefit authorized by such law to be provided to or for the benefit of such individual, funds (including interest accruing) in an individual development account under this Act shall be disregarded for such purpose with respect to any period during which such individual maintains or makes contributions into such an account.
SEC. 416. AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS.
There is authorized to be appropriated to carry out this title, $25,000,000 for each of fiscal years 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003, to remain available until expended.
Approved October 27, 1998; Amended December 21, 2000.
Introduction to the AFI Program Information Memorandums
AFI Program Information Memorandums
The Office of Community Services issues major guidance about the AFI Program in the form of information memorandums. Following are the current memorandums. AFI Program staff will notify grantees through the ListServ and post new information on the AFI Asset-Building Web site whenever memorandums are issued or updated.
- Closeout Procedures (August 2005)
This memorandum provides guidance on procedures AFI Projects must follow as they close out their grant awards. Included are definitions of key terms, the time frame, the types of reports and process for submitting them, as well as information on remitting unexpended Federal funds and the handling of any nonfederal cost share funds not expended. Attached to the memorandum are common questions and answers about the procedure and a closeout checklist and chart of required reports.
- Procedures for Requesting a No-Cost Extension (August 2005)
This memorandum provides guidance on procedures AFI Projects must follow to request a no-cost extension, beyond the five-year project period of the original award. Included are definitions and details of information that must be included in requests for no-cost extensions and the process for submitting such requests. Attached to the memorandum are common questions and answers about no-cost extensions.
- Procedures for Reassigning Participants Among AFI Projects (August 2004)
This memorandum provides guidance for AFI grantees that are administering multiple projects simultaneously. These grantees may reassign participants among their AFI projects, from a new project to an older one or from an older project to a newer one. They may also reassign participants who have already achieved their asset purchases. In all cases, reassignment is subject to the procedures and limitations outlined in this memorandum.