CSBG Report to Congress FY 2008
Community Services Block Grant Program Report to Congress Fiscal Year 2008
Table of Contents
The FY 2008 CSBG Network
State Uses of CSBG Funds in FY 2008
CAA Accomplishments in FY 2008
Summary of the Planned Uses of Funds by States and Eligible Entities
Participants of CAA Programs
CSBG Special State Technical Assistance Grants
Results Oriented Management and Accountability (ROMA)
National Performance Goals and Indicators
National Performance Outcomes
National Performance Targets and Trends
The Community Services Block Grant (CSBG) program is authorized at Section 674 of the Community Services Block Grant Act of 1981 (CSBG Act), as amended by the Community Opportunities, Accountability, and Training and Educational Services Act of 1998 (Public Law 105-285). It is administered by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Office of Community Services (OCS).
The Fiscal Year (FY) 2008 CSBG Program Report to Congress, which includes the CSBG Program Performance Measurement Report, is mandated at Sections 678E(b )(2) and 678B( c) of the CSBG Act. Both reports are required to be submitted together to the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor and Pensions and the House Committee on Education and Labor by Section 678B(c) of the CSBG Act.
The FY 2008 program data for the CSBG Report to Congress was gathered by the Community Services Block Grant Information System (CSBG IS) survey, administered by the National Association for State Community Services Programs (NASCSP). The 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico provided information about the level and uses of CSBG funds, their activities, and the number and characteristics of families and individuals participating in CSBG programs. In addition, HHS conducted evaluations of State compliance among all 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico during the reporting period through: 1) a State-by-State survey, and 2) State Assessments on the use of CSBG Funds in the States of De1aware, Idaho, Mississippi, and Utah.
The Appendix of the report provides more extensive information on the FY 2008 State Assessments and data pertaining to CSBG program uses of funds, services, and client characteristics.
Community Services Block Grant Program Mission and Purpose
The CSBG mission is to provide funds to alleviate the causes and conditions of poverty in communities in States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, U.S. Territories, Federal and State-recognized Indian Tribes and Tribal organizations, and other eligible entities. Other eligible entities include Community Action Agencies (CAA), migrant and seasonal farmworkers, or other organizations designated by the States. In FY 2008, the State-administered network of local agencies consisted of 1,073 CSBG eligible entities that created, coordinated and delivered programs and services to low-income Americans in 99% of U.S. counties. The CSBG Act sets forth how funds are distributed to States and the rules eligible entities must abide by to be eligible for CSBG funds. Grantees receiving funds under the CSBG program are required to provide services and activities addressing employment, education, and better use of available income, housing, health, nutrition, and emergency services.
Fiscal Year 2008 State CSBG Program Funding
In FY 2008, Congress appropriated $653.8 million for the Community Services Block Grant. Of those funds, $643.4 million were allocated to States and Tribes. During FY 2008, $617 million was expended by States including $77.5 million carried over from FY 2007. Eligible entities received 92 percent of these funds (nearly $567 million).
Each State designates a State agency to act as the lead agency for the purposes of administering CSBG. State CSBG agencies are responsible for developing the State plan, conducting reviews of eligible entities, and ensuring CSBG funds are directed toward the statutory purposes of the CSBG program. The CSBG Act requires that 90 percent of the funds that States receive be allocated to eligible entities who administer the CSBG program at the community level.
The remaining funds may be used at the State's discretion for programs that help to accomplish the CSBG program goals. Discretionary funds are primarily used for activities such as Statewide initiatives, including: research; information dissemination; coalition building; demonstration projects; training and technical assistance: geographic service expansion; volunteer mobilization; disaster relief: health care; and other programs that address needs identified by the State agencies.
CSBG Program Performance Measurement
Over the past decade, States and eligible entities receiving CSBG funds have been working to achieve six national performance goals:
Goal 1: Low-income people become more self-sufficient.
Goal 2: The conditions in which low-income people live are improved.
Goal 3: Low-income people own a stake in their community.
Goal 4: Partnerships among supporters and providers of service to low-income people are achieved.
Goal 5: Agencies increase their capacity to achieve results.
Goal 6: Low-income people, especially vulnerable populations, achieve their potential by strengthening family and other supportive systems.
To enable national reporting of a set of core CSBG results among States and local agencies, 12 common categories, or indicators, of performance were identified from FY s 2001 to 2003 data. Since 2004, these 12 National Performance Indicators (NPIs) have measured the impact of CSBG programs and activities on families and communities. The NPIs are related to the six national performance goals in that they measure incremental progress toward achieving each of the larger goals, which require specific steps along the way to success. The NPIs cover the following outcome areas:
1.1 - Employment
1.2 - Employment Supports
1.3 - Economic Asset Enhancement and Utilization
2.1 - Community Improvement and Revitalization
2.2 - Community Quality of Life and Assets
3.1 - Civic Investment
3.2 - Community Empowerment through Maximum Feasible Participation
4.1 - Expanding Opportunities through Community-Wide Partnerships
5.1 - Broadening the Resource Base
6.1 - Independent Living
6.2 - Emergency Assistance
6.3 - Child and Family Development