American Indian and Alaska Native Languages Spoken at Home by American Indians and Alaska Natives 5 years and over in 2000 and 2010, populations with 2000 or more speakers.

Native Languages Data Snapshot

Publication Date: January 15, 2015

American Indian and Alaska Native Languages Spoken at Home by American Indians and Alaska Natives 5 years and over in 2000 and 2010, populations with 2000 or more speakers.

(Source U.S. Census Bureau 2000 and 2010)
 

  2000 2010
American Indian and Alaska Native Languages Number of Individuals, 5 years and over Number of Individuals, 5 years and over
All American Indian and Alaska Native Languages 353,340 372,095
Navajo 173, 800 169,471*
Yupik 15, 997 18,950
Dakota 17,466 18,616
Apache 12,502 13,063
Keres 10,522 12,945
Cherokee 12,009

11,610*

Choctaw 9,272 10,343
Zuni 6,903 9,686
Ojibwa 6,919 8,371
Pima 9,220 7,270*
Inupik 5,995 7,203
Hopi 6,769 6,634*
Tewa 3,736 5,176
Muskogee 5,009 5,064
Crow 4,4149 3,705*
Shoshoni 2,724 2,211*
Cheyenne 2,075 2,156
Eskimo 2,206 2,076*
Tiwa 1,995 2,009

It is heartening to see that overall, the estimated number of individuals ages 5 and over listed as speaking American Indian and Alaska Native languages has increased over the last ten years, by nearly 20,000.  We can see from the above table that some languages have been maintaining, some gaining, and the items marked with "*" have lost seen their number of speakers decline.  Even those holding steady or declining have been making efforts at language preservation and revitalization. This snapshot reminds us how precious each person is that speaks and passes on their native languages.