Summary of Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) FY 2017 Expenditure Data

Publication Date: May 6, 2019

Total Expenditures

  • In FY 2017, total spending (from all appropriation years) decreased from $8.7 billion in FY 2016 to $8.6 billion in FY 20171.
  • Total CCDF expenditures compared to FY 2016 decreased by about $58 million. Spending increased in administrative activities and non-direct services. Spending decreased in quality activities and direct services. Other factors contributing to changes in expenditures include:
    • States spent less of their FY 2017 grant award dollars in the first year than they did of their FY 2016 grant award. States spent about $7.05 billion of their FY 2017 award in the first year, which is about $51 million less than States spent from their FY 2016 award in the first year
    • States transferred less TANF money to CCDF in FY 2017, approximately $1.28 billion compared to $1.42 billion in FY 2015; and
    • States reported more excess Match and MOE. In FY 2017, States reported about $27 million in excess Match and MOE compared to $12 million in FY 2016. States voluntarily report this excess spending. Therefore, the changes may simply be in reporting, not in actual expenditures.
  • In FY 2017, approximately $48 million in Federal Matching funds were not drawn down and thus reallocated to other States in FY 2018: Idaho released $3.7 million; Kansas released $5.6 million; Michigan released $17 million; and, Tennessee released $21.4 million. This is about $21 million more than the amount of Federal Matching funds that was not drawn down in FY 2016.
  • In FY 2017, child care expenditures of TANF Direct funds increased slightly from $1.3 billion in FY 2016 to $1.5 billion in FY 2017. This information is reported on the ACF 196 and is not included in the CCDF Expenditure Data tables.

Categorical Expenditures

  • Spending on quality activities stayed level at about $1.1 billion in FY 2017 (12% of total spending). In FY2016, quality spending was $1.1 billion (13% of total spending). States were required to spend 7% of funds on quality in FY 2016 and FY 2017.
  • In FY 2017, $6.4 billion was spent on direct services (74% of total spending). In FY 2016, direct services spending was $6.7 billion (77% of total spending).
  • Spending on administrative activities increased from $257 million (3% of total spending) in FY 2016 to $269 million (3% of total spending) in FY 2016. States may not spend more than 5% of funds on administrative activities.
  • In FY 2017, states spent $132 million on activities to improve supply and quality of care for infants and toddlers. States did not have to spend funds on quality activities for infants and toddlers in FY 2016.
  • Non-direct services ($740 million or 9%) increased by $92 million in FY 2016.

FY 2015 Grant Award Summary2

As of September 30, 2017, cumulative FY 2015 grant award expenditures totaled approximately $8.65 billion. The breakdown of expenditures is:

  • 77% ($6.7 billion) on direct services;
  • 13% ($1.1 billion) on quality including targeted funds;
  • 7% ($611 million) on non-direct services; and
  • 3% ($271 million) on administrative activities.



1 These amounts include approximately $27 million in excess State-only expenditures reported as CCDF Match and MOE above the amounts required to drawdown the full CCDF grant award.

2 FY 2015 is the most recent grant award that has been completely spent down.

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