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How many children are adopted in the United States?

Child Welfare


Adoption statistics are very limited. Although data on the number of adoptions from the child welfare system (foster care) and intercountry adoptions are available, data from private agencies is currently not being systematically collected. To read more about the limitations and the history of data sources and current adoption trends, please refer to the Child Welfare Information Gateway factsheet Trends in U.S. Adoptions: 2008–2012.

State foster care and public adoption statistics are currently collected through the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS). States are required to submit AFCARS data semiannually to the Administration for Children and Families. AFCARS reports from 2000 to present are available on the Children's Bureau website.

Last Reviewed: July 10, 2020