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This technical bulletin provides agencies with information required to create the AFCARS data files.  It provides technical specifications on the structural layout of the XML data and shares the XML schema for the Out-of-Home Care File and the Adoption and Guardianship Assistance File.  It also covers information on encryption of the file records.

This technical bulletin gives reporting instructions and provides examples for the AFCARS 2020 out-of-home care and adoption and guardianship assistance data elements. The regulation for each element is shown in a blue box. Following the regulation language, CB provides explanatory text, examples, differences between AFCARS 1993 and AFCARS 2020, and data reporting standards.

Trends in Foster Care & Adoption: FY 2010- 2019

Source: AFCARS data, U.S. Children's Bureau, Administration for Children, Youth and Families
October 16, 2020

Trends in foster care and adoption based on AFCARS data from fiscal years 2010 through 2019.

AFCARS Report #27

August 24, 2020

This report provides preliminary estimates of Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) data for FY 2019. As states are permitted to resubmit AFCARS data, the estimates may change over time. This report reflects all AFCARS data received as of June 23, 2020 related to AFCARS reporting periods through September 30, 2019.

The Children’s Bureau’s Division of Performance Measurement and Improvement is facilitating a series of webinars for title IV-E agencies on the implementation of the new AFCARS final rule.

AFCARS Report #26

October 24, 2019

This report provides preliminary estimates of Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) data for FY 2018. As states are permitted to resubmit AFCARS data, the estimates may change over time. This report reflects all AFCARS data received as of August 22, 2019 related to AFCARS reporting periods through September 30, 2018.

This is a presentation that provides an overview of the AFCARS 2019 NPRM and where to submit comments.

IM-19-02

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) on revised AFCARS data elements
April 19, 2019

This Information Memorandum informs title IV-E agencies that the Children’s Bureau published a NPRM to revise the AFCARS data elements in the Federal Register on April 19, 2019 (84 FR 16572 Visit disclaimer page ).

AFCARS Report #25

November 8, 2018

This report provides preliminary estimates of Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) data for FY 2017. As states are permitted to resubmit AFCARS data, the estimates may change over time. This report reflects all AFCARS data received as of August 10, 2018 related to AFCARS reporting periods through September 30, 2017.

IM-18-03

Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS) Final Rule regarding implementation of the Dec. 2016 final rule and Intent to issue a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking
August 21, 2018

This Information Memorandum (IM) informs title IV-E agencies of the Children’s Bureau’s intent to publish a NPRM to revise the AFCARS data points. This IM also informs title IV-E agencies of the final rule regarding implementation of the December 2016 AFCARS final rule and briefly summarizes public comments received in response to the Advanced Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (ANPRM), published in the Federal Register on March 15, 2018 (83 FR 11449).