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Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) State Grants

Published: May 17, 2012
CAPTA, Child Abuse & Neglect, Grants

Program Description

This program provides funds for States to improve their child protective service systems (CPS). Reauthorized by the Keeping Children and Families Safe Act of 2003, the program requires States to provide assurances in their five-year Child and Family Services plan that the State is operating a Statewide child abuse and neglect program that includes several new programmatic requirements such as:

  • Policies and procedures that address the needs of drug-exposed infants;
  • Triage procedures for referral of children not at imminent risk of harm to community or preventative services;
  • Notification of an individual who is the subject of an investigation about the allegations made against them;
  • Training for CPS workers on their legal duties and parents’ rights; and
  • Provisions to refer children under age three who are involved in a substantiated case to early intervention services under IDEA Part C.


Child abuse and neglect continue to impact a large number of children and families in this country:

  • During 2002, an estimated 896,000 children were found to be victims of abuse and neglect; an average of 2,400 children each day.
  • An estimated 2.6 million referrals of abuse or neglect concerning nearly 4.5 million children were received by CPS agencies. More than two-thirds of those referrals were accepted for investigation and treatment.
  • Nationally, 60.5 percent of child victims experienced neglect (including medical neglect), 18.6 percent were physically abused, 9.9 percent were sexually abused, and 6.5 percent were emotionally or psychologically maltreated.
  • An average of three children died every day as a result of abuse or neglect in 2002.

Budget Information

The funding for FY 2006 is 27,280,000. Currently 48 States, DC, Puerto Rico receive the grant. The territories receive funding through the Consolidated Grant process.

Program Highlights

The reauthorization of CAPTA places a strong emphasis on interagency collaborations across child protective services, health, mental health, juvenile justice, education, and other public and private agencies. Additional funding for this program will assist States with meeting the expectation of the grants and also allow them to place a greater emphasis on the prevention-related activities to help strengthen and support families that are brought to the attention of CPS agencies across the country. The Children’s Bureau is also working with our National Child Welfare Resource Centers to provide training and technical assistance to the States on models of best practice for CPS.

Last Reviewed: June 30, 2017