Children’s Bureau

330 C Street SW
3rd Floor
Washington, D.C. 20201
(202) 205-8618 Phone
(202) 205-9721 Fax

The Children’s Bureau (CB) works with federal, state, tribal and local agencies to improve the overall health and well-being of our nation’s children and families. With an annual budget of almost $8 billion, CB provides support and guidance to programs that focus on:

  • Strengthening families and preventing child abuse and neglect
  • Protecting children when abuse or neglect has occurred
  • Ensuring that every child and youth has a permanent family or family connection

CB seeks to improve outcomes in the following key areas:

  • Safety—Preventing  and responding to maltreatment of children
  • Permanency—Stabilizing children’s living situations and preserving family relationships and connections
  • Well-Being—Enhancing families’ capacity to meet their children’s physical, mental health, and educational needs

To achieve its goals, CB:

  • Provides guidance on federal law, policy, and program regulations
  • Funds essential services that help States and Tribes operate every aspect of their child welfare systems
  • Supports innovation through competitive, peer-reviewed grants for research and program development
  • Offers training and technical assistance to improve child welfare service delivery
  • Monitors child welfare services to help States and Tribes achieve positive outcomes for children and families
  • Shares research to help child welfare professionals improve their practice

CB administers the following State & Tribal programs on a formula basis:

  • Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention Grants support local initiatives aimed at preventing child abuse and neglect.
  • Child Abuse and Neglect State Grants go to States to help them improve their child protective services systems.
  • The Title IV-E Foster Care program assists States and Tribes in providing out of home care for children under the jurisdiction of the state or tribal child welfare agency.
  • The Title IV-E Adoption Assistance program helps States and Tribes to subsidize adoption costs of children with special needs.
  • The Title IV-E Guardianship Assistance program helps States and Tribes with assistance payments to relatives who have become legal guardians of eligible children.
  • The Chafee Foster Care Independence program helps States and Tribes in their efforts to promote self sufficiency among young men and women leaving foster care.
  • The State Court Improvement program helps States reform their judicial systems to be more responsive to families and children at risk.
  • Children’s Justice Act grants encourage states to enact reforms to improve the handling of child maltreatment cases, especially those involving sexual abuse and exploitation.
  • The Child Welfare Services Program provides grants to States and Tribes for programs directed toward the goal of keeping families together.
  • Promoting Safe and Stable Families is designed to help States and Tribes establish and operate integrated, preventive family preservation services and community-based family support services for families at risk or in crisis.  A small proportion of discretionary funds is reserved for research, evaluation and technical assistance.
  • The Adoption Incentives Program encourages States to find permanent homes for children in the foster system care through adoptions.
  • The Child Welfare Waiver Demonstration program provides States with an opportunity to use federal funds more flexibly in order to test innovative approaches to child welfare service delivery and financing.

CB also administers discretionary grant programs, including:

  • The Abandoned Infants Assistance program, which works on behalf of infants and children affected by HIV/AIDS and/or substance abuse, their parents, families, and other caretakers.
  • The Adoption Opportunities program, which works to eliminate barriers to adoption and to provide permanent, loving homes for children who would benefit from adoption, especially those with special needs.
  • The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment discretionary grants support a variety of activities, including research and demonstration projects, service improvement, evaluation of best practices, dissemination of information, and technical assistance.
  • The Child Welfare Training program is designed to enhance the skills and qualifications of child welfare workers.
  • Community-Based Child Abuse Prevention Grants support local initiatives aimed at preventing child abuse and neglect.
  • The Infant Adoption Awareness program awards grants to adoption organizations to develop and implement programs to train designated staff of eligible health centers in providing adoption information and referral to pregnant women.
Current as of: