Family and Youth Services Bureau

330 C Street SW
3rd Floor
Washington, D.C. 20201
(202) 205-8102 Phone
(202) 260-9333 Fax
www.acf.hhs.gov/fysb

The mission of the Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB) is to promote safety, stability, and well-being for people who have experienced or been exposed to violence, neglect or trauma.  FYSB achieves this through supporting programs that provide shelter, community services, and prevention education for youth, adults, and families.  FYSB is made up of two divisions that house three major grant programs.  Division of Adolescent Development and Support includes the Runaway and Homeless Youth Program and the Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program.  Division of Family Violence Prevention and Services houses the Family Violence Prevention and Services Program.  In addition, we support nationwide crisis hotlines for runaway youth and victims of domestic violence.

Division of Adolescent Development and Support

  • Runaway and Homeless Youth Grant Programs: Each year, thousands of U.S. youth run away from home, are asked to leave their homes or become homeless.  Through the Runaway and Homeless Youth (RHY) Program, FYSB supports street outreach, emergency shelters and longer-term transitional living, and maternity group home programs to serve and protect these young people.
    • Basic Center Program: The Basic Center Program (BCP) helps create and strengthen community-based programs that meet the immediate needs of runaway and homeless youth under 18 years old.  In addition, BCP tries to reunite young people with their families or locate appropriate alternative placements.  BCP provides the following services:
      • Up to 21 days of shelter
      • Food, clothing, and medical care
      • Individual, group, and family counseling
      • Crisis Intervention
      • Recreation programs
      • Aftercare services for youth after they leave the shelter
    • Transitional Living Program: The Transitional Living Program (TLP) for older homeless youth supports projects that provide long-term residential services to homeless youth.  Young people must be between the ages of 16 and under 22 to enter the program. Living accommodations may include:
      • Host-family homes
      • Group homes or maternity group homes
      • Supervised apartments owned by the program or rented in the community

  TLPs offer or refer for the following services:

  • Safe, stable living accommodations
  • Basic life skills building, including consumer education, budgeting, housekeeping, food preparation, and parenting skills
  • Educational opportunities, such as GED preparation, post-secondary training and vocational education
  • Job attainment services, such as career counseling and job placement
  • Mental health care, including individual and group counseling
  • Physical health care, such as physicals, health assessments, and emergency treatment

 

  • Maternity Group Homes: The Maternity Group Homes (MGH) Program supports homeless pregnant and/or parenting young people, as well as their dependent children. Youth must be between the ages of 16 and under 22 to enter the program. In addition to standard TLP services, MGH programs offer an array of comprehensive services to teach:
    • Parenting skills
    • Child development
    • Family budgeting
    • Health and nutrition

MGH projects incorporate the principles of Positive Youth Development and administer services such as:

  • Child-safe transitional and independent living accommodations
  • Education in parenting, child discipline, and safety
  • Mental, physical, and reproductive health care
  • Resources to help youth identify reliable, affordable child care
  • Money management and use of credit
  • Educational opportunities, such as GED preparation, post-secondary training, and vocational education

 

  • Street Outreach Program: Through the Street Outreach Program (SOP), FYSB supports work with homeless, runaway, and street youth to help them find stable housing and services.  SOPs focus on developing relationships between outreach workers and young people that allow them to rebuild connections with caring adults.  The ultimate goal is to prevent the sexual exploitation and abuse of youth on the streets.  SOP services include:
    • Street based education and outreach
    • Access to emergency shelter
    • Survival aid
    • Treatment and counseling
    • Crisis intervention
    • Follow-up support 

 

  • Support Systems for Rural Homeless Youth: FYSB, in collaboration with the Children’s Bureau, has awarded five-year grants to six states: Colorado, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Oklahoma, and Vermont.  These grants focus on improving coordination of services and creating additional support for rural youth to improve their circumstances and to enhance connections in three areas:
    • Survival support services, such as housing, health care, substance abuse, and mental health
    • Community, such as community service, youth and adult partnerships, mentoring, peer support groups, and Positive Youth Development activities
    • Education and employment, such as high school and GED completion, postsecondary education, employment, and training
  • The National Runaway Switchboard: Since 1974, the National Runaway Switchboard (NRS) has been the official “national communications system” authorized by Congress to help runaway and homeless youth contact their families and service providers.  Our 24-hour hotline handles approximately 100,000 calls a year, assisting youth who have run away or are considering running away and their families.
  • The Runaway and Homeless Youth Training and Technical Assistance Center (RHYTTAC) assists FYSB grantee agencies with implementing evidence-based and promising approaches to serving runaway and homeless youth; addressing federal technical assistance expectations; helping grantees to access resources; and, establishing linkages with other grantees with similar interests and concerns.  The center offers:
    • web-based e-learning sessions;
    • state and regionally based training opportunities; and
    • on-site technical consultation; and training of trainer sessions

Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program: The Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention (APP) Program administers the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP), Title V State Abstinence Education, and Competitive Abstinence Education grants.

There are four Personal Responsibility Education Programs (PREP), to include, State PREP, PREP Innovative Strategies, Tribal PREP, and Competitive PREP.  PREP grantees educate adolescents on both abstinence and contraception to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV/AIDS through evidence-based models.  In addition to sex education, most APP Programs provide adulthood preparation programming which includes the promotion of behavioral health and social-emotional well-being of vulnerable youth. 

There are two abstinence education programs which are Title V State Abstinence and Competitive Abstinence Education grant program. The abstinence programs serve adolescents who are at greatest risk of STIs and most likely to bear children out of wedlock.  The Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program supports state, Tribal, and community efforts of providing medically accurate, culturally and age-appropriate education services to promote contraceptive and abstinence education through six funding streams.  The APP Programs are:

  • State Personal Responsibility Education Program: Through the State Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP), FYSB awards formula grants to state agencies to educate young people on both abstinence and contraception with evidence-based curriculum.  The program also promotes education to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections.  Additionally, grantee educate youth on at least three of six Adulthood Preparation Subjects (APS): 1) adolescent development, 2) educational and career success, 3) financial literacy, 4) healthy life skills, 5) healthy relationships, and 6) parent-child communication. With efforts toward preventing pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, PREP targets young people who are:
    • In foster care;
    • Homeless;
    • Living with HIV/AIDS;
    • In rural areas or areas with high teen birth rates;
    • Residing in areas with high birth rates for youth; and
    • Pregnant and parenting youth under the age of 21.
  • Tribal Personal Responsibility Education Program: Tribal PREP promotes proven and culturally appropriate methods for reducing adolescent pregnancy, delaying sexual activity, and increasing the use of contraception among sexually active youth in native communities.  Programs follow the general requirements of State PREP, but are specially designed to honor tribal needs, traditions, and cultures.  Discretionary grants are available to Tribes with the goal of reducing disproportionately high rates of teen pregnancy and births.
  • Competitive Personal Responsibility Education Program: The Competitive PREP Program funds organizations and entities to provide education on abstinence and contraceptive use to prevent pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS. CPREP projects targets youth ages 10-19 who are homeless, in foster care, living in rural areas or geographic areas with high teen birth rates, or who come from racial or ethnic minority groups. The program also serves pregnant and parenting youth under the age of 21. Programs must use evidence-based programs, or substantially incorporate elements of these programs into their projects.
  • Personal Responsibility Education Innovative Strategies Program: Through Personal Responsibility Education Innovative Strategies Program (PREIS), FYSB supports research and demonstration projects that implement innovative strategies for preventing pregnancy among youths aged 10-19 years.  This project’s target population is inclusive of the group served by State PREP grantees.  PREIS is administered by FYSB in collaboration with the Office of Adolescent Health’s Teen Pregnancy Prevention Research and Demonstration Program.
  • Title V State Abstinence Education Grant Program: The Title V State Abstinence Education Grant Program (AEGP) provides formula funding to States and Territories for abstinence education, mentoring, counseling, and adult supervision.  AEGP promotes abstinence education to prevent teen pregnancy or delay pregnancy among youth, especially those from minority groups, in foster care, or who are homeless.  Our support services help young people by:
    • Increasing their skills to negotiate abstinence and resist peer pressure
    • Educating youths about sexually transmitted infections, to include HIV/AIDS
  • Competitive Abstinence Education Program: The Competitive Abstinence Education Program supports programming and tools to address the rates of teen pregnancy among adolescent youth who are at greatest risk of sexually transmitted infections (STI) and most likely to bear children out of wedlock.  Funded projects develop a targeted and medically accurate approach to reducing teen pregnancies through abstinence education.  Further, there is a focus on the social, psychological, and health gains to be realized by teaching youth decision-making skills to delay initiation of sexual activity and engage in healthy relationships. The Competitive Abstinence Education grantees are encouraged to use evidence-based models to promote abstinence, to teach youth skills to negotiate abstinence and resist peer pressure, and to educate youth about HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections.

 

  • Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program Support: 

The Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Program contracts for training and technical assistance services to Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) and Competitive Abstinence Education grantees. Training and technical assistance focus on topics such as adolescent reproductive health, fidelity monitoring, and data collection, servicing vulnerable youth populations, adaptations, logic model development, and the adulthood preparation subjects.   Web-based support services include a performance measures reporting system, technical assistance request tracking system, and community of practice site to support the exchange of information and training resources among grantees and technical assistance providers. 

The contract also supports dissemination efforts to include the development of manuscripts for journal publication.

To measure PREP’s success, the APP Program and the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation within ACF have contracted with Mathematica Policy Research to conduct the PREP Multi-Component Evaluation. The PREP evaluation has three main components. The evaluation team (1) documents the implementation of funded programs in participating states, (2) analyzes performance management data provided by PREP grantees, and (3) assesses the impacts of PREP-funded programs in four sites using a random assignment design. All three components of the evaluation will expand the evidence base on teen pregnancy prevention programs, and will help identify the decisions, successes, and challenges involved in replicating, adapting, and scaling up evidence-based programs.

Division of Family Violence Prevention and Services

  • Family Violence Prevention and Services Program: The Family Violence Prevention and Services Program administers the Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA), the primary federal funding stream dedicated to the support of emergency shelter and related assistance for victims of domestic violence and their children.  The Family Violence Prevention and Services Program is committed to:
    • Providing shelter and other supportive services for victims and their children
    • Coordinating statewide improvements within local communities, social service systems,  and programming regarding the prevention and intervention of domestic violence through the leadership of State Domestic Violence Coalitions and FVPSA State Administrators
    • Increasing public awareness about the prevalence of domestic violence, dating violence, and family violence
    • Supporting local and community-based domestic violence programs with specialized technical assistance addressing emerging issues such as trauma-informed care; the co-occurrence of domestic violence and child maltreatment; culturally specific domestic violence services; and effective interventions for children exposed to domestic violence


To accomplish this work the FVPSA Program provides grants to States,  Territories, Tribes, state  domestic violence coalitions and national resource  centers.  FVSPSA Programs include:

  • Family Violence Prevention and Services Formula Grants to States and Territories: The FVPSA formula grants to states and territories fund more than 1,600 local public, private, nonprofit and faith-based organizations and programs demonstrating effectiveness in the field of domestic violence services and prevention.  These programs provide victims of domestic and dating violence and their children with:
    • Shelter
    • Safety planning
    • Crisis counseling
    • Information and referral
    • Legal advocacy
    • Additional support services
  • Family Violence Prevention and Services Grants to Tribes: The Family Violence Prevention and Services Act (FVPSA) Grants to Native American Tribes (including Alaska Native Villages) and tribal organizations are formula grants funded through a 10 percent set aside in the FVPSA appropriation.  The purpose of these grants is to assist Tribes in efforts to increase public awareness about, and primary and secondary prevention of, family violence, domestic violence, and dating violence, and to provide immediate shelter and supportive services for victims of family violence, domestic violence, or dating violence, and their dependents.  Funding is available to all Native American Tribes and tribal organizations that meet the definition of “Indian Tribe” or “tribal organization” at 25 U.S.C. 450b and are able to demonstrate their capacity to carry out domestic violence prevention and services programs.
  • State Domestic Violence Coalitions: FYSB funds State Domestic Violence Coalitions that provide technical assistance and training to local domestic violence programs and serve as critical partners for coordination of statewide services and emerging issues such as domestic violence and home visitation.  State Domestic Violence Coalitions improve domestic violence intervention and prevention in their states by ensuring cross-coordinated, best practice solutions are implemented and sustained.  Every State and some Territories have one federally recognized coalition.
  • Discretionary Programs: Each year, FYSB funds discretionary programs coordinated by the Family Violence Prevention and Services Program.  These programs aim to:
    • Improve the prevention and intervention of domestic violence, dating violence, and family violence
    • Enhance available support and resources for victims and their children
    • Ensure that services are accessible, including efforts to expand accessibility to LGBT survivors and non-English language speakers
    • Foster practice changes within the domestic violence field
    • Support research and data collection on the incidence of domestic violence, dating violence, and family violence
    • Enhance public awareness of issues related to domestic violence including the life-time health impact, advocacy within culturally specific communities, and the co-occurrence of domestic violence and child maltreatment

Past initiatives have worked to:

  • Enhance services for children exposed to domestic violence
  • Improve coordination of services for runaway and homeless youth experiencing dating violence
  • Eliminate barriers to service for victims of domestic violence with mental health and trauma issues as well as other specialized needs
  • Expand leadership opportunities in the domestic violence field for people from underrepresented groups
  • Resource Centers: The Domestic Violence Resource Network is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to inform and strengthen domestic violence intervention and prevention efforts at the individual, community, and societal levels.  The DVRN works collaboratively to promote practices and strategies to improve our nation’s response to domestic violence and make safety and justice not just a priority, but also a reality.  DVRN member agencies ensure that victims of domestic violence, advocates, community-based programs, educators, legal assistance providers, law enforcement and court personnel, health care providers, policy makers, and government leaders at the local, state, tribal, and federal levels have access to up-to-date information on best practices, policies, research, and victim resources.  The DVRN includes two national resource centers, three special issue resource centers, four culturally-specific Institutes, the National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma & Mental Health, the National Network to End Domestic Violence, and the National Domestic Violence Hotline.
  • National Resource Centers

National Resource Center on Domestic Violence
(800) 537-2238
www.nrcdv.org and www.vawnet.org
The National Resource Center on Domestic Violence, a project of the Pennsylvania Coalition Against Domestic Violence, provides a wide range of free, comprehensive and individualized technical assistance, training and resource materials.

National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center
855‐649‐7299
www.niwrc.org
The National Indigenous Women’s Resource Center, Inc. (NIWRC) is a Native nonprofit organization that was created specifically to serve as the National Indian Resource Center Addressing Domestic Violence and Safety for Indian Women.  NIWRC will seek to enhance the capacity of American Indian and Alaska Native tribes, Native Hawaiians, and Tribal and Native Hawaiian organizations to respond to domestic violence.

  • Special Issue Resource Centers

Battered Women's Justice Project
Criminal and Civil Justice Center
(800) 903-0111 ext. 1
www.bwjp.org
The Battered Women’s Justice Project (BWJP) promotes change within the civil and criminal justice systems that enhances their effectiveness in providing safety, security and justice for battered women and their families.  BWJP provides technical assistance to advocates, civil attorneys, judges and court personnel, law enforcement officers, prosecutors, probation officers, batterers intervention program staff, defense attorneys and policymakers; and to victims of domestic violence and their families and friends.

National Clearinghouse for the Defense of Battered Women
(800) 903-0111 ext. 3
www.ncdbw.org
The National Clearinghouse for the Defense of Battered Women, located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, addresses the unique needs of battered women who, as a result of the abuse they have experienced at the hands of their intimate partner, end up charged with a crime.  The National Clearinghouse strives to prevent the revictimization of battered women defendants by providing specialized technical assistance, resources, and support to battered women charged with crimes and to members of their defenses teams.

National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence
(888) 792-2873
www.futureswithoutviolence.org/health and www.healthcaresaboutipv.org
The National Health Resource Center on Domestic Violence (HRC) supports health care practitioners, administrators and systems, domestic violence experts, survivors, and policy makers at all levels as they improve health care’s response to domestic violence.  HRC supports leaders in the field through groundbreaking model, education and response programs, cutting-edge advocacy and sophisticated technical assistance.

National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma & Mental Health
(312) 726-7020
www.nationalcenterdvtraumamh.org
The National Center on Domestic Violence, Trauma & Mental Health is committed to developing comprehensive, accessible, and culturally-relevant responses to the range of trauma-related issues faced by domestic violence survivors and their children; to promoting advocacy that is survivor-defined and rooted in principles of social justice; and to eradicating the social and psychological conditions that contribute to interpersonal abuse and violence across the lifespan.

Resource Center on Domestic Violence
Child Protection and Custody
(800) 527-3223
www.ncjfcj.org/dept/fvd
The Family Violence Department of the National Council of Juvenile and Family Court Judges provides leadership and assistance to consumers and professionals dealing with the issue of child protection and custody in the context of domestic violence through operation of the Resource Center on Domestic Violence: Child Protection and Custody.

  • Culturally-Specific Institutes

Asian &Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence
(415) 568-3315
www.apiidv.org
The Asian & Pacific Islander Institute on Domestic Violence is a national training and technical assistance provider and a clearinghouse on gender violence in Asian, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander communities.  It serves a national network of advocates, community members, organizations, service agencies, professionals, researchers, policy advocates, and activists from community and social justice organizations working to eliminate violence against women.

Casa de Esperanza/National Latin@ Network for Healthy Families and Communities
(651) 646-5553
www.casadeesperanza.org
The National Latin@ Network for Healthy Families and Communities (NLN) exists to advance effective responses to eliminate violence and promote healthy relationships within Latino families and communities.  The NLN addresses four primary issues: increasing access for Latinos experiencing domestic violence through training and technical assistance; producing culturally relevant tools for advocates and practitioners; conducting culturally relevant research that explores the context in which Latino families experience violence; and interjecting the lived realities of Latinos into policy efforts to better support Latino families.

Institute on Domestic Violence in the African American Community
(877) 643-8222
www.idvaac.org
The Institute on Domestic Violence in the African American Community (IDVAAC) is an organization focused on the unique circumstances and life experiences of African Americans as they seek resources and remedies related to the victimization and perpetration of domestic violence in their community.  IDVAAC recognizes the impact and high correlation of intimate partner violence to child abuse, elder maltreatment, and community violence.  IDVAAC's mission is to enhance society's understanding of and ability to end violence in the African American community.

  • National Domestic Violence Hotline: The National Domestic Violence Hotline aids victims of domestic violence 24 hours a day.  Hotline advocates assist victims, and anyone calling on their behalf, by providing crisis intervention, safety planning, and referrals to local service providers. The hotline receives more than 24,000 calls a month.

National Domestic Violence Hotline
(800) 799-7233 and (800) 787-3224 (TTY)
www.ndvh.org

Last Reviewed: February 4, 2016
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