FY 2018 Final Data Table 13 - Average Monthly Percentages of Children in Child Care by Age Category and Care Type

Publication Date: May 21, 2021
Age Group Child's Home Family Home Group Home Center Invalid Setting Total
Infants (0 to <1 yr) 2% 15% 7% 72% 4% 100%
Toddlers (1 yr to <3 yrs) 1% 13% 7% 75% 3% 100%
Preschool (3 yrs to <6 yrs) 1% 11% 5% 80% 2% 100%
School Age (6 yrs to <13 yrs) 3% 18% 6% 70% 2% 100%
13 years and older 7% 36% 7% 45% 4% 100%
Invalid Age 0% 13% 0% 85% 2% 100%
All Ages 2% 14% 6% 75% 2% 100%

Data as of: 25-JAN-2021

Notes applicable to this report:  

  1. The source for this table is ACF-801 data for FY 2018.
  2. All percentages are based on "adjusted" numbers of families and children, unless otherwise indicated. These "adjusted" numbers represent the number funded through CCDF only (which includes Federal Discretionary, Mandatory, and Matching Funds; TANF transfers to CCDF; and State Matching and Maintenance of Effort Funds). The "adjusted" number is the raw or "unadjusted" number reported by the State multiplied by its pooling factor, as reported on the ACF-800. This report takes this factor into consideration in calculating the "adjusted" numbers or percentages.
  3. All States provide an actual unadjusted count of families served each month. For States reporting full population data, the number of child records reported each month were directly counted. However, for States that only submit samples, the ratio of children-to-families was determined each month from the samples and then multiplied by the reported number of families to obtain an estimate of the unadjusted number of children served each month. The unadjusted average number of families and children was obtained from the monthly numbers in the FY, as reported on the ACF-801 summary (header) record. 
  4. A "0%" indication often means the value is less than 0.5% rather than actually zero.  In a few instances, the sum of the categories may not appear to add up to exactly 100% because of rounding.
  5. At the time of publication, American Samoa and Virgin Islands had not yet reported any ACF-801 data for FY 2018. Arkansas, Guam, and Louisiana had submitted 11 months. All other States and Territories had submitted the full 12 months of data.
  6. The National values were determined by multiplying each State's percentage by the adjusted number of children served for each State, summing across the States and then dividing by the adjusted number of children served for the Nation. "Adjusted" means adjusted to represent CCDF funding only. 
  7. Some children are reported to have multiple settings for the same month. Children in more than one setting category within the same month were counted in each setting in proportion to the number of hours of service received in each setting. For example, if the child spent 70 hours in a center and 30 hours in a child's home, the child would be scored as 0.7 count in Center and 0.3 count in Child's Home (proportional counting). 
  8. Colorado, Puerto Rico, and Washington have high percentages of out of range/invalid or missing hours and payments, which impact the national invalid records. Percent of invalid records by State are available in Table 6. States are working to correct these issues.
  9. Georgia notified the Office of Child Care that due to their recent transition to a new eligibility system, they encountered extration issues that are resulting in a high percentage of cases with invalid setting data. Georgia is working to resolve these issues.
  10. Oklahoma reported invalid month and year of birth for most children reported on the ACF-801 during the first quarter of FY 2018, which is evidenced in the high percentage of children with invalid age. Oklahoma corrected this error in subsequent FY 2018 submissions. See Table 9 for details by State.
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