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Priorities Report: 2019

November 26, 2019

BACKGROUND 

The Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program help low-income families with children under the age of 13 pay for child care services. CCDF is a block grant program administered by states, territories, and tribes that provides child care subsidies through vouchers or certificates to low-income families, and grants and contracts with providers in some states. CCDF supports access to child care services for low-income families, so parents can work, attend school, or enroll in training. Additionally, CCDF promotes the healthy development of children by improving the quality of early learning and afterschool experiences for both subsidized and unsubsidized children. Within the federal regulations, state lead agencies decide how to administer the CCDF subsidy programs. States determine payment rates for child care providers, copayment amounts for families, specific eligibility requirements, and have some flexibilities on how to prioritize CCDF services. CCDF administrative data, including monthly case-level data reported on the ACF-801, provides information about the characteristics (including income) of families receiving a child care subsidy. Fiscal year 2017 ACF-801 CCDF administrative data (most recent year available) indicates that approximately 1.32 million children and 796,000 families per month received CCDF child care assistance in fiscal year 2017. The CCDF subsidy program emphasizes parental choice; therefore, children are cared for in a wide variety of settings. Nationally, in fiscal year 2017: (1) 75 percent of children receiving subsidies were cared for in center-based care; (2) 21 percent of children receiving CCDF assistance were cared for in family child care homes; (3) 3 percent of children were cared for in the child’s own home; and (4) the data was not reported or was invalid for the remaining 1 percent. For many parents, affordable child care and school-age care are critical to maintaining stable jobs. According to an analysis of Bureau of Labor Statistics employment data, in 2018, at least one parent was employed in 91 percent of families with children under the age of 18, and 72 percent of women with children were working or looking for work1.

1 Table 4. Families with own children: Employment status of parents by age of youngest child and family type, 2017-2018 annual averages. https://www.bls.gov/news.release/famee.t04.htm  

 BACKGROUND 

The Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) subsidies help low-income families with children under age 13 pay for child care. As a block grant, CCDF gives funding to states, territories, and tribes to provide child care subsidies through vouchers or certificates to low-income families, and grants and contracts with providers in some states. CCDF provides access to child care services for low-income families so parents can work, attend school, or enroll in training. Additionally, CCDF promotes the healthy development of children by improving the quality of early learning and afterschool experiences for both subsidized and unsubsidized children. Within the federal regulations, states, territories, and tribes decide how to administer their subsidy programs. States determine payment rates for child care providers, copayment amounts for families, specific eligibility requirements, and have some flexibilities on how to prioritize CCDF services. 

Priorities Report: FY2017

December 26, 2017

The Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) is the primary federal funding source dedicated to providing child care assistance to low-income families.  As a block grant, CCDF gives funding to states, territories, and tribes to provide child care subsidies through vouchers or certificates to low-income families, and grants and contracts with providers in some states.  CCDF provides access to child care services for low-income families so parents can work, attend school, or enroll in training.  Additionally, CCDF promotes the healthy development of children by improving the quality of early learning and afterschool experiences.  In November 2014, Congress acted on a bipartisan basis to pass the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) Act of 2014 (Public Law (Pub.L.) 113-186) into law and reauthorized the CCDF program through fiscal year (FY) 2020.  In September 2016, the Office of Child Care (OCC) within the Department of Health and Humans Services’ Administration for Children and Families (ACF) published a CCDF final rule (81 F.R. 67438) to provide clarity to states, territories, and tribes on how to implement the CCDBG Act.

ACF-696T Form - 2017

April 19, 2017

ACF-696T Form - 2017

The 2017 Federal Poverty Guidelines are listed below. Page 2 of this document provides guidance for CCDF Tribal Grantees who manually calculate the ACF-700 Annual Tribal Report (Part 1). For Element #7, use the family’s income and size (used for determining eligibility) to determine the poverty threshold in which to count the children in that family. Information is provided for the 48 Contiguous States and DC, as well as for Alaska and Hawaii.

The Child Care and Development Block Grant Act requires an annual report on whether States use CCDF funding in accordance with provisions related to priority for services. The law requires priority for children of families with very low incomes and children with special needs. CCDF regulations add a priority for services for children who are experiencing homelessness.

There are currently 275 EHS-CC Partnership (EHS-CCP) grantees, which will serve approximately 32,000 infants and toddlers. The continued development of EHS-CC Partnerships is occurring as states implement new provisions of the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) Act enacted by the law’s 2014 reauthorization. This most recent reauthorization of the CCDBG Act represents an opportunity for states to enact new policies that align Early Head Start and child care, and support the EHS-CCP goals of improving capacity and quality across programs that serve low-income infants and toddlers and their families in order to enhance child well-being and school readiness outcomes.

Tribal Annual Report: Guide for CCDF Tribal Lead Agencies

The first summary data for the FY 2012 Quality Performance Report (QPR) have been released. The annual QPR captures State and Territory progress on improving the quality of child care