LIHEAP Data on Performance Measurements

Publication Date: December 21, 2010

Performance Measurement


The recipiency targeting index quantifies the extent to which such households are receiving LIHEAP assistance. The index is computed by dividing the percent of LIHEAP recipient households that are members of a target group by the percent of all LIHEAP income eligible households that are members of the target group and then multiplying by 100.

For example, if 25 percent of LIHEAP recipients are elderly households, and 20 percent of all income eligible households are elderly households, the recipiency targeting index for elderly recipient households is 125 (25/20 x 100). An index score above 100 indicates that LIHEAP is serving a target group of households at a rate higher than the prevalence of LIHEAP income eligible households that are members of that group. Annual data are unavailable for measuring the targeting of high-energy burden households. For further information on how LIHEAP uses these targets, please refer to the Targeting Indexes section.

The table below reflects the target scores from Fiscal Years (FY) 2004-2009 for households with an elderly member and households with a young child. The table also shows what the actual, national targeting score was for FY 2004-2006.

Long Term Goal: Increase the availability of Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) fuel assistance to low income, vulnerable households, with at least one member that is an elderly individual or a young child to 96 and 122 respectively, by FY 2010, as measured by the annual recipiency targeting index.


Annual Measure FY Target Result
1A. Increase the recipiency targeting index score of LIHEAP households having at least one member 60 years or older. (outcome) 2009 96 Aug-10
2008 96 Aug-9
2007 94 Aug-8
2006 92 74
2005 84 79
2004 82 78
2003 Baseline 79

1B. Maintain the recipiency targeting index score of LIHEAP households having at least one member five years or younger. (outcome)

2009 122 Aug-10
2008 122 Aug-9
2007 122 Aug-8
2006 122 115
2005 122 113
2004 122 115
2003 Baseline 122


Data Source: State LIHEAP Household Report and Census Bureau's Annual Social and Economic Supplement (ASEC) to the Current Population Survey.

Performance Data

LIHEAP and related data are obtained from LIHEAP grantee reports and surveys, national household surveys, and other federal agencies. (See also Funding, Program Performance and Studies.) The data categories are listed below. Much of the data are published in the Department's LIHEAP Home Energy Notebook and the LIHEAP Report to Congress.


Fiscal data about LIHEAP appropriations can be found under the Funding Section of this web site.

Each December State LIHEAP grantees are required to report on the LIHEAP Grantee Survey the following data for the previous federal fiscal year:

  • sources of LIHEAP funds,
  • uses of LIHEAP funds,
  • average household benefits for fuel assistance, and
  • maximum income cutoffs chosen by States for 4-person households.

The data from the LIHEAP Grantee Survey are included in the LIHEAP Report to Congress . (The most recent available data are for FY 2003):

Home Energy

LIHEAP assists households with their home energy costs which the LIHEAP statute defines as a source of heating or cooling in residential dwellings.

Begriming in the early 80's, HHS has funded energy assistance questions on the U.S. U.S. Energy Administration's Residential Energy Consumption Survey (RECS). This national household survey provides a variety of national and regional demographic and energy-related data (such as heat interruptions) on the characteristics of households income eligible for LIHEAP and of households receiving LIHEAP fuel assistance. LIHEAP-related home energy data and analysis are published in the LIHEAP Home Energy Notebook for each fiscal year as part of HHS' LIHEAP Annual Report to Congress. The most recent home energy data are for FY 2003.

The following types of energy-related data are relevant to assessing a household's need for home energy.

  • Climate
  • Energy Affordability
  • Energy Efficiency
  • Energy Supplies, Demand, and Prices

The Department of Energy's State Energy Data System (SEDS) publishes state-level data on energy consumption, prices, and expenditures for 1970-2001.


Data on LIHEAP income eligible and recipient households are obtained from the following sources:

As part of their annual LIHEAP grant application, LIHEAP grantees are to submit their LIHEAP Household Report which includes the following LIHEAP household data for the previous federal fiscal year:

  • the number and income levels of LIHEAP eligible and assisted households;
  • the number of assisted households with at least one or more individuals who are 60 years or older, disabled, or a young child; and
  • the number and income levels of households applying for LIHEAP assistance, not just those households that receive LIHEAP assistance.

Data are available on the number of LIHEAP assisted households, by State, for FY 2003. Additional State-reported date are available in the LIHEAP Report to Congress for FY 2003.

The Current Population Survey (CPS) is a national household sample survey which is conducted monthly by the Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce. Each March the CPS' sample size is supplemented and a number of socio-economic questions are added to the survey. For the last several years, OCS has distributed state-level estimates of LIHEAP income eligible households, based on a 3-year moving CPS average. The latest estimates are for FY 2002.

The Census Bureau's Decennial Census collects every 10 years information on the U.S. population. Special tabulations are available on LIHEAP Income-Eligible Household Counts from the 2000 Decennial Census.


Current as of: