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LIHEAP IM 2016-03 State Median Income Estimates for Optional Use in FFY 2016 and Mandatory Use in FFY 2017

Published: July 5, 2016
Audience:
Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)
Category:
Guidance, Policies, Procedures, Information Memorandums (IM)

Low Income Home Energy Assistance

Information Memorandum

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Administration for Children and Families
Office of Community Services
Division of Energy Assistance
330 C Street, S.W., 5th Floor
Washington, D.C. 20201
https://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/liheap

Transmittal No. LIHEAP-IM-2016-03             Date: July 5, 2016

TO: LOW INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (LIHEAP) GRANTEES AND OTHER INTERESTED PARTIES

GUIDANCE INTENDED FOR:  X STATES
                                                  X TRIBES/TRIBAL ORGANIZATIONS
                                                  X TERRITORIES

SUBJECT: State Median Income Estimates for Optional Use in Federal Fiscal Year 2016 LIHEAP and Mandatory Use in Federal Fiscal Year 2017 LIHEAP.

RELATED            (1) The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Act, Title XXVI of the
REFERENCES:    Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981, Public Law 97-35, as amended; and

                            (2) 45 CFR 96.85 (b), Income Eligibility — Final Rule, published in the Federal Register on March 3, 1988 (53 FR 6827) and  amended October 15, 1999 (64 FR 55858).

PURPOSE: To provide to LIHEAP grantees the state median income (SMI) estimates for use in LIHEAP for Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 2017.

BACKGROUND: Section 2605(b)(2)(B) of P.L. 97-35 sets the maximum allowed in determining income eligibility for LIHEAP at 60 percent of SMI, except where 150 percent of the Federal Poverty Guidelines (FPG) is higher. LIHEAP grantees may set their programs’ income eligibility criteria anywhere between 110 percent of FPG and this maximum.

CONTENT: In this memorandum, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announces that it has updated the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) income-eligibility limits based upon state median income (SMI) for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. These limits make up part of the maximum that LIHEAP grantees may use in setting their programs’ income eligibility criteria. LIHEAP grantees may set such criteria anywhere between 110 percent of Federal Poverty Guidelines (FPG) and the greater of (1) this maximum; and (2) 150 percent of FPG.

HHS calculated these limits from the SMI estimates for a 4-person family developed by the United States Census Bureau (Census Bureau). HHS assimilated the Census Bureau’s estimates for a family into the income eligibility criteria for a household because the LIHEAP statute requires it to do so. HHS calculated 60 percent of such estimates and published the resulting figures in this memorandum. HHS will additionally publish such figures in the Federal Register.

HHS calculated these limits for households of sizes other than 4 persons under the methodology specified in 45 CFR 96.85. This methodology calls for HHS to multiply the limit for a four-person household by the following: (1) 52 percent for one person; (2) 68 percent for two persons; (3) 84 percent for three persons; (4) 100 percent for four persons; (5) 116 percent for five persons; and (6) 132 percent for six persons. HHS did not calculate the limits for households of sizes greater than six persons; however, those limits are based on that for a four-person family times 132 percent plus 3 percentage points for each household member above six. See Attachment 1 for (1) the 60 percent of SMI figures for households of sizes one through six; and (2) a reiteration of the instructions for calculating 60 percent of SMI for households of sizes greater than six.

Grantees should determine the SMI-based limits on household size, not family size. However, because the figures presented here show such limits by family size, grantees should consider the applicable limit for a family, as presented here, to be that for a household in their programs.

Grantees must limit LIHEAP eligibility to 150 percent of the FPG or 60 percent of SMI. Grantees must set LIHEAP income-eligibility at or below the greater of these two levels; however, they may not set LIHEAP income-eligibility below 110 percent of the FPG.

Optional Use

Grantees, insofar as they use SMI to set their programs’ income eligibility criteria, may adopt these estimates at any time between July 1, 2016 and October 1, 2016 (the beginning of FFY 2017) or the beginning of the grantee’s fiscal year, whichever is later.

Mandatory Use

LIHEAP grantees, insofar as they use SMI to set their programs’ income eligibility criteria, must adopt these estimates by no later than October 1, 2016 (the beginning of FFY 2017) or the beginning of the grantee’s fiscal year, whichever is later.

ATTACHMENTS: (1) 60 percent of estimated state median income adjusted for family size, by state, FFY 2017

INQUIRIES: Peter Edelman, Program Analyst
                    Division of Energy Assistance
                    Office of Community Services, ACF, HHS
                    330 C Street, SW, 5th Floor
                    Mail Room 5425
                    Washington, D.C. 20201
                    (202) 401-5292
                    E-mail: peter.edelman@acf.hhs.gov

/s/
Jeannie Chaffin
Director
Office of Community Services

Attachment 1

ESTIMATED STATE MEDIAN INCOME, BY HOUSEHOLD SIZE AND BY STATE, FEDERAL FISCAL YEAR 2017

States

Estimated SMI for four- person families1

60 percent of estimated SMI for four-person

families2

60 Percent of Estimated State Median Income2

1-

Person

Hsehld.

2-

Person

Hsehld.

3-

Person

Hsehld.

4-

Person

Hsehld.

5-

Person

Hsehld.

6-

Person

Hsehld.

Alabama

$67,621

$40,573

$21,098

$27,590

$34,081

$40,573

$47,065

$53,556

Alaska

95,967

57,580

29,942

39,154

48,367

57,580

66,793

76,006

Arizona

67,273

40,364

20,989

27,448

33,906

40,364

46,822

53,280

Arkansas

60,481

36,289

18,870

24,677

30,483

36,289

42,095

47,901

California

80,458

48,275

25,103

32,827

40,551

48,275

55,999

63,723

Colorado

87,928

52,757

27,434

35,875

44,316

52,757

61,198

69,639

Connecticut

108,592

65,155

33,881

44,305

54,730

65,155

75,580

86,005

Delaware

88,703

53,222

27,675

36,191

44,706

53,222

61,738

70,253

Dist. of Col.

98,640

59,184

30,776

40,245

49,715

59,184

68,653

78,123

Florida

67,643

40,586

21,105

27,598

34,092

40,586

47,080

53,574

Georgia

70,132

42,079

21,881

28,614

35,346

42,079

48,812

55,544

Hawaii

88,921

53,353

27,744

36,280

44,817

53,353

61,889

70,426

Idaho

64,234

38,540

20,041

26,207

32,374

38,540

44,706

50,873

Illinois

85,516

51,310

26,681

34,891

43,100

51,310

59,520

67,729

Indiana

73,397

44,038

22,900

29,946

36,992

44,038

51,084

58,130

Iowa

80,299

48,179

25,053

32,762

40,470

48,179

55,888

63,596

Kansas

77,760

46,656

24,261

31,726

39,191

46,656

54,121

61,586

Kentucky

70,084

42,050

21,866

28,594

35,322

42,050

48,778

55,506

Louisiana

73,263

43,958

22,858

29,891

36,925

43,958

50,991

58,025

Maine

78,749

47,249

24,569

32,129

39,689

47,249

54,809

62,369

Maryland

109,262

65,557

34,090

44,579

55,068

65,557

76,046

86,535

 

States

Estimated SMI for four- person families1

60 percent of estimated SMI for four-person

families2

60 Percent of Estimated State Median Income2

1-

Person

Hsehld.

2-

Person

Hsehld.

3-

Person

Hsehld.

4-

Person

Hsehld.

5-

Person

Hsehld.

6-

Person

Hsehld.

Massachusetts

108,978

65,387

34,001

44,463

54,925

65,387

75,849

86,311

Michigan

77,718

46,631

24,248

31,709

39,170

46,631

54,092

61,553

Minnesota

94,387

56,632

29,449

38,510

47,571

56,632

65,693

74,754

Mississippi

59,701

35,821

18,627

24,358

30,090

35,821

41,552

47,284

Missouri

74,162

44,497

23,138

30,258

37,377

44,497

51,617

58,736

Montana

71,453

42,872

22,293

29,153

36,012

42,872

49,732

56,591

Nebraska

78,773

47,264

24,577

32,140

39,702

47,264

54,826

62,388

Nevada

68,978

41,387

21,521

28,143

34,765

41,387

48,009

54,631

New Hampshr.

100,496

60,298

31,355

41,003

50,650

60,298

69,946

79,593

New Jersey

109,113

65,468

34,043

44,518

54,993

65,468

75,943

86,418

New Mexico

61,783

37,070

19,276

25,208

31,139

37,070

43,001

48,932

New York

88,451

53,071

27,597

36,088

44,580

53,071

61,562

70,054

North Carolina

70,000

42,000

21,840

28,560

35,280

42,000

48,720

55,440

North Dakota

88,621

53,173

27,650

36,158

44,665

53,173

61,681

70,188

Ohio

78,166

46,900

24,388

31,892

39,396

46,900

54,404

61,908

Oklahoma

66,088

39,653

20,620

26,964

33,309

39,653

45,997

52,342

Oregon

72,518

43,511

22,626

29,587

36,549

43,511

50,473

57,435

Pennsylvania

85,036

51,022

26,531

34,695

42,858

51,022

59,186

67,349

Rhode Island

91,452

54,871

28,533

37,312

46,092

54,871

63,650

72,430

South Carolina

66,542

39,925

20,761

27,149

33,537

39,925

46,313

52,701

South Dakota

76,511

45,907

23,872

31,217

38,562

45,907

53,252

60,597

Tennessee

67,026

40,216

20,912

27,347

33,781

40,216

46,651

53,085

Texas

71,307

42,784

22,248

29,093

35,939

42,784

49,629

56,475

Utah

72,805

43,683

22,715

29,704

36,694

43,683

50,672

57,662

Vermont

84,421

50,653

26,340

34,444

42,549

50,653

58,757

66,862

 

States

Estimated SMI for four- person families1

60 percent of estimated SMI for four-person

families2

60 Percent of Estimated State Median Income2

1-

Person

Hsehld.

2-

Person

Hsehld.

3-

Person

Hsehld.

4-

Person

Hsehld.

5-

Person

Hsehld.

6-

Person

Hsehld.

Virginia

94,667

56,800

29,536

38,624

47,712

56,800

65,888

74,976

Washington

86,744

52,046

27,064

35,391

43,719

52,046

60,373

68,701

West Virginia

68,750

41,250

21,450

28,050

34,650

41,250

47,850

54,450

Wisconsin

83,893

50,336

26,175

34,228

42,282

50,336

58,390

66,444

Wyoming

81,632

48,979

25,469

33,306

41,142

48,979

56,816

64,652

Puerto Rico

29,598

17,759

9,235

12,076

14,918

17,759

20,600

23,442

Note--The estimated U.S. median income for 4-person families is $79,626 for the period of October 1, 2016 through September 30, 2017.

  1. Prepared by the U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce (Census Bureau) from the 2009 through 2011 American Community Surveys (ACSs). For further information, see Table B19119 for the five-year estimates of the 2010 through 2014 ACSs. One can find this table by undertaking the following steps: (1) going to the webpage http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/searchresults.xhtml?refresh=t; (2) entering “B19119” in the “topic or table name” box; (3) clicking on the hyperlink to the left of the “2014 ACS 5-year estimates” dataset; (4) selecting “Geographies (states, counties, places, ...)”; (5) selecting a geographic type of “All States within United States and Puerto Rico”; (6) adding “All States within United States”; and (7) clicking on “View”. Alternatively, one can contact the Census Bureau's Social, Economic and Housing Statistics Division (SEHSD) at (301) 763-3243.
  2. Prepared by the Administration for Children and Families, Office of Community Services, Division of Energy Assistance. In accordance with 45 CFR 96.85, 60 percent of each State's estimated median income for a four-person family is multiplied by the following percentages to adjust for household size for LIHEAP: 52 percent for one person, 68 percent for two persons, 84 percent for three persons, 100 percent for four persons, 116 percent for five persons, and 132 percent for six persons. For each additional household member above six persons, add three percentage points to the percentage for a six-person household (132 percent), and multiply the new percentage by 60 percent of the State's estimated median income for a four-person household.
Last Reviewed: August 6, 2018