< Back to Search

LIHEAP IM2017-03 State Median Income Estimates for Optional Use in FY 2017 LIHEAP Programs and Mandatory Use in FY 2018 LIHEAP Programs

Published: July 25, 2017
Audience:
Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)
Category:
Guidance, Policies, Procedures, Information Memorandums (IM)

Low Income Home Energy Assistance

Information Memorandum

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
Administration for Children and Families
Office of Community Services
Division of Energy Assistance
330 C Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20201
http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/ocs/liheap

Transmittal No. LIHEAP-IM-2017-03           Date: June 26, 2017

TO: LOW INCOME HOME ENERGY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM (LIHEAP) GRANTEES AND OTHER INTERESTED PARTIES

GUIDANCE INTENDED FOR:  X STATES
                                                  X TRIBES/TRIBAL ORGANIZATIONS
                                                  X TERRITORIES

SUBJECT: State Median Income Estimates for Optional Use in Federal Fiscal Year 2017 LIHEAP Programs and Mandatory Use in Federal Fiscal Year 2018 LIHEAP Programs.

RELATED (1) The Low Income Home Energy Assistance Act, Title XXVI of the

REFERENCES: Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of 1981, Public Law 97-35, as amended; and

(2)45 CFR 96.85 (b), Income Eligibility — Final Rule, published in the Federal Register on March 3, 1988 (53 FR 6827) and amended October 15, 1999 (64 FR 55858).

PURPOSE: To provide to LIHEAP grantees the State Median Income (SMI) estimates for use in LIHEAP programs for Federal Fiscal Year (FFY) 2018.

BACKGROUND: Section 2605(b)(2)(B) of P.L. 97-35 sets the maximum allowed in determining income eligibility for LIHEAP at 60 percent of SMI, except where 150 percent of the Federal Poverty Guidelines (FPG) is higher. LIHEAP grantees may set their programs’ income eligibility criteria anywhere between 110 percent of FPG and the maximum referenced above.

CONTENT: In this memorandum, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) announces that it has updated the Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP) income-eligibility limits based on SMI for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico. These limits make up part of the maximum eligibility criteria that LIHEAP grantees may use in their program design. LIHEAP grantees may set criteria anywhere between 110 percent of Federal Poverty Guidelines (FPG) and the greater of (1) 60 percent of SMI and (2) 150 percent of FPG.

HHS calculated these limits from the SMI estimates for a 4-person family developed by the United States Census Bureau (Census Bureau). HHS used the Census Bureau’s estimates from the American Community Survey for a 4-person family at a 100 percent of SMI for each state. HHS then calculated 60 percent of those estimates, adjusted by family size, and published the resulting figures in this memorandum. LIHEAP grantees are to treat family size as household size

HHS calculated these limits for households of sizes other than 4 persons under the methodology specified in 45 CFR 96.85. This methodology calls for HHS to multiply the limit for a four-person household by the following: (1) 52 percent for one person; (2) 68 percent for two persons; (3) 84 percent for three persons; (4) 100 percent for four persons; (5) 116 percent for five persons; and (6) 132 percent for six persons. HHS did not calculate the limits for households of sizes greater than six persons; however, those limits are based on that for a four-person family times 132 percent plus 3 percentage points for each household member above six. See Attachment 1 for (1) the 60 percent of SMI figures for households of sizes one through six; and (2) a reiteration of the instructions for calculating 60 percent of SMI for households of sizes greater than six.

Grantees must limit LIHEAP eligibility to 150 percent of the FPG or 60 percent of SMI. Grantees must set LIHEAP income-eligibility at or below the greater of these two levels; however, they may not set LIHEAP income-eligibility below 110 percent of the FPG.

Optional Use

Grantees that use SMI to set their programs’ income eligibility criteria may adopt these estimates at any time between the date of the publication of this document and October 1, 2017 (the beginning of FFY 2018) or the beginning of the grantee’s fiscal year, whichever is later.

Mandatory Use

LIHEAP grantees that use SMI to set their programs’ income eligibility criteria must adopt these estimates by no later than October 1, 2017 (the beginning of FFY 2018) or the beginning of the grantee’s fiscal year, whichever is later.

ATTACHMENT: (1) 60 percent of estimated state median income adjusted for family size, by state, FFY 2018

INQUIRIES: Sharnice Peters, Program Analyst
Division of Energy Assistance
Office of Community Services, ACF, HHS
330 C Street, S.W.

Mail Stop 5425
Washington, D.C. 20201
(202) 401-4046
E-mail: sharnice.peters@acf.hhs.gov

/s/
J. Janelle George
Acting Director
Office of Community Services

Attachment 1

ESTIMATED STATE MEDIAN INCOME, BY HOUSEHOLD SIZE AND BY STATE, FEDERAL FISCAL YEAR 2018

States

Estimated SMI for four-person families[1]

60 percent of estimated SMI for four-person families[2]

60 Percent of Estimated State Median Income2

1-Person Hsehld.

2-Person Hsehld.

3-Person Hsehld.

4-Person Hsehld.

5-Person Hsehld.

6-Person Hsehld.

Alabama

$68,328

$40,997

$21,318

$27,878

$34,437

$40,997

$47,557

$54,116

Alaska

95,784

57,470

29,884

39,080

48,275

57,470

66,665

75,860

Arizona

68,700

41,220

21,434

28,030

34,625

41,220

47,815

54,410

Arkansas

61,349

36,809

19,141

25,030

30,920

36,809

42,698

48,588

California

80,691

48,415

25,176

32,922

40,669

48,415

56,161

63,908

Colorado

89,480

53,688

27,918

36,508

45,098

53,688

62,278

70,868

Connecticut

110,149

66,089

34,366

44,941

55,515

66,089

76,663

87,237

Delaware

90,193

54,116

28,140

36,799

45,457

54,116

62,775

71,433

Dist. of Col.

96,608

57,965

30,142

39,416

48,691

57,965

67,239

76,514

Florida

68,282

40,969

21,304

27,859

34,414

40,969

47,524

54,079

Georgia

70,659

42,395

22,045

28,829

35,612

42,395

49,178

55,961

Hawaii

90,200

54,120

28,142

36,802

45,461

54,120

62,779

71,438

Idaho

64,980

38,988

20,274

26,512

32,750

38,988

45,226

51,464

Illinois

86,345

51,807

26,940

35,229

43,518

51,807

60,096

68,385

Indiana

74,259

44,555

23,169

30,297

37,426

44,555

51,684

58,813

Iowa

81,261

48,757

25,354

33,155

40,956

48,757

56,558

64,359

Kansas

78,955

47,373

24,634

32,214

39,793

47,373

54,953

62,532

Kentucky

70,946

42,568

22,135

28,946

35,757

42,568

49,379

56,190

Louisiana

73,576

44,146

22,956

30,019

37,083

44,146

51,209

58,273

Maine

79,237

47,542

24,722

32,329

39,935

47,542

55,149

62,755

Maryland

110,038

66,023

34,332

44,896

55,459

66,023

76,587

87,150

Massachusetts

110,191

66,115

34,380

44,958

55,537

66,115

76,693

87,272

Michigan

79,077

47,446

24,672

32,263

39,855

47,446

55,037

62,629

Minnesota

96,153

57,692

30,000

39,231

48,461

57,692

66,923

76,153

Mississippi

60,081

36,049

18,745

24,513

30,281

36,049

41,817

47,585

Missouri

75,671

45,403

23,610

30,874

38,139

45,403

52,667

59,932

Montana

72,793

43,676

22,712

29,700

36,688

43,676

50,664

57,652

Nebraska

80,086

48,052

24,987

32,675

40,364

48,052

55,740

63,429

Nevada

69,361

41,617

21,641

28,300

34,958

41,617

48,276

54,934

New Hampshr.

102,375

61,425

31,941

41,769

51,597

61,425

71,253

81,081

New Jersey

110,206

66,124

34,384

44,964

55,544

66,124

76,704

87,284

New Mexico

61,388

36,833

19,153

25,046

30,940

36,833

42,726

48,620

New York

89,137

53,482

27,811

36,368

44,925

53,482

62,039

70,596

North Carolina

70,319

42,191

21,939

28,690

35,440

42,191

48,942

55,692

North Dakota

90,749

54,449

28,313

37,025

45,737

54,449

63,161

71,873

Ohio

79,552

47,731

24,820

32,457

40,094

47,731

55,368

63,005

Oklahoma

66,817

40,090

20,847

27,261

33,676

40,090

46,504

52,919

Oregon

74,022

44,413

23,095

30,201

37,307

44,413

51,519

58,625

Pennsylvania

86,358

51,815

26,944

35,234

43,525

51,815

60,105

68,396

Rhode Island

93,204

55,922

29,079

38,027

46,974

55,922

64,870

73,817

South Carolina

67,364

40,418

21,017

27,484

33,951

40,418

46,885

53,352

South Dakota

77,546

46,528

24,195

31,639

39,084

46,528

53,972

61,417

Tennessee

67,831

40,699

21,163

27,675

34,187

40,699

47,211

53,723

Texas

72,518

43,511

22,626

29,587

36,549

43,511

50,473

57,435

Utah

74,437

44,662

23,224

30,370

37,516

44,662

51,808

58,954

Vermont

86,166

51,700

26,884

35,156

43,428

51,700

59,972

68,244

Virginia

94,877

56,926

29,602

38,710

47,818

56,926

66,034

75,142

Washington

88,050

52,830

27,472

35,924

44,377

52,830

61,283

69,736

West Virginia

69,606

41,764

21,717

28,400

35,082

41,764

48,446

55,128

Wisconsin

85,259

51,155

26,601

34,785

42,970

51,155

59,340

67,525

Wyoming

81,895

49,137

25,551

33,413

41,275

49,137

56,999

64,861

Puerto Rico

29,290

17,574

9,138

11,950

14,762

17,574

20,386

23,198

Note--The estimated U.S. median income for 4-person families is $80,501 for the period of October 1, 2017 through September 30, 2018.

 

[1] Prepared by the U.S. Census Bureau, U.S. Department of Commerce (Census Bureau) from the 2011 through 2015 American Community Surveys (ACSs). For further information, see Table B19119 for the five-year estimates of the 2011 through 2015 ACSs. One can find this table by undertaking the following steps: (1) going to the webpage http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/searchresults.xhtml?re... (2) click on “Topics (age, income, year, dataset,…)” (3) under “Dataset” select “2015 ACS 5-year estimates” dataset; (4) selecting “Geographies (states, counties, places, ...)”; (5) selecting a geographic type of “State -040” (6) select “All States within United States and Puerto Rico”; (7) selecting the additional geographic type “United States -010” (8)selecting “United States”; and (9) enter under “Topic or table name” B19119 (10) clicking on “Go”.(11) click on the hyperlink entitled “MEDIAN FAMILY INCOME IN THE PAST 12 MONTHS (IN 2015 INFLATION-ADJUSTED DOLLARS) BY FAMILY SIZE”. Alternatively, one can contact the Census Bureau's Social, Economic and Housing Statistics Division (SEHSD) at (301) 763-3243.

[2] Prepared by the Administration for Children and Families, Office of Community Services, Division of Energy Assistance. In accordance with 45 CFR 96.85, 60 percent of each State's estimated median income for a four-person family is multiplied by the following percentages to adjust for household size for LIHEAP: 52 percent for one person, 68 percent for two persons, 84 percent for three persons, 100 percent for four persons, 116 percent for five persons, and 132 percent for six persons. For each additional household member above six persons, add three percentage points to the percentage for a six-person household (132 percent), and multiply the new percentage by 60 percent of the State's estimated median income for a four-person household.

 

Last Reviewed: June 29, 2018