FY 2020 Budget Request

Budget Request by Program

Child Care - $9.5 billion

Head Start - $10.063 billion

TANF - $15.2 billion

Unaccompanied Alien Children - $1.3 billion in Discretionary funds and $738 million in Mandatory funds

Foster Care - $8.6 billion

Child Support - $4.3 billion

Promoting Safe and Stable Families - $475 million

Program Request in Detail

Programs Funds Requested (in billions, unless stated otherwise) Outlays
Child Care $9.5
  • $5.3 billion for the discretionary Child Care and Development Block Grant, the same as FY 2019
  • $4.2 billion for the mandatory Child Care Entitlement, a $1.3 billion increase above the FY 2019 baseline
    • $1 billion new multi-year fund to encourage, through innovative options, an increase in supply of child care in rural and underserved areas
    • $295 million increase to offset reductions proposed in TANF and SSBG, programs that contribute to federal child care spending
  • Includes a proposal to allow states to keep half of recovered improper payments to encourage rigorous standards for preventing waste, fraud, and abuse
  • Includes a proposal to eliminate the requirement for a national hotline, which is redundant with state efforts
Head Start $10.063
  • Request is the same as the FY 2019 appropriation
  • Includes a proposal to simplify the program with one source of base grant funding, eliminating unnecessary administrative burdens to the grantees and the government
TANF $15.2
  • $2.1 billion below the FY 2019 baseline
  • Eliminates the $608 million Contingency Fund, which is not being used as Congress originally intended
  • Includes a 10% reduction to the Family Assistance Grants since states can transfer this amount to SSBG, which we are not proposing to fund
  • Includes proposals to
    • Require states to spend 15% of total TANF funding on work, education, and training activities
    • Simplify TANF’s work participation rate with a single target
    • Replace the Caseload Reduction Credit with an Employment Credit that holds states accountable for employment outcomes
    • Refocus TANF on core activities of employment and training, basic assistance, and child care to only those at a low poverty level
Unaccompanied Alien Children $1.3 billion in Discretionary funds and $738 million in Mandatory funds
  • Discretionary amount is the same as FY 2019
  • Includes a proposed Contingency Fund on the Mandatory side of the budget of $2 billion, which has been probabilistically scored at $738 million, available to maintain shelter capacity as needed under certain conditions
  • Proposal to increase the maximum amount transferred in by the Secretary to 20%
Foster Care $8.6
  • $159 million below FY 2019 enacted but $277 million above FY 2019 estimated obligations
    • Includes a $17 million increase to reflect the effects of proposing to not fund SSBG
    • Includes $14 million to support a family-based care proposal to increase funding for families with foster children with complex needs
    • Additional funding supports this entitlement program, including changes from the Family First Act
  • Includes the proposed Child Welfare Flexible Funding Option that will build on the Family First Act by giving states new flexibility to claim federal reimbursement for services to prevent child maltreatment and to promote permanency
Child Support $4.3
  • $18 million above FY 2019
  • Included is a $1 million increase in Repatriation, which is a part of the Child Support appropriation
    • o Repatriation proposal to raise the annual spending cap from $1 million to $10 million, which is probabilistically scored at $1 million
  • $17 million increase is due to the estimated costs of the open-ended entitlement child support programs combined with the net cost increase to ACF of the proposals listed below
  • Includes proposals to
    • Improve child support cooperation with other public assistance programs, such as Medicaid and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program
    • Promote work and self-sufficiency through Get Noncustodial Parents to Work, allowing states to use up to 2% of their child support expenditures to require work activities for all noncustodial parents who owe overdue child support
    • Increase funding for parenting time, in order to improve parent-child relationships and outcomes for children
    • Create a technology enhancement and replacement fund to acquire a next-generation child support system and make it available to states
    • Provide access to the National Directory of New Hires for evidence and program integrity purposes, while ensuring privacy and security safeguards, which will save $1.2 billion over 10 years
Promoting Safe and Stable Families $475 million
  • $59.8 million on the discretionary side, a $40 million decrease below FY 2019 enacted
  • $415 million on the mandatory side, a $76.4 million increase above FY 2019 enacted
  • Regional Partnership Grants - $60 million
    • Funding all on the Mandatory side
    • $20 million increase above enacted amounts for the last two years, which has been $20 million each on the Mandatory and Discretionary sides of PSSF
  • The rest of the increase reflects the proposal to end the sequestration order.
Other key Mandatory program notes:
  • Maintains funding and authorization for one additional year of the HPOG ($85 million), PREP ($75 million), and Sexual Risk Avoidance ($75 million) programs