American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES)

In 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) was launched to provide descriptive, nationally representative information on the characteristics, experiences, and development of Head Start children and families, and the characteristics of the Head Start programs and staff who serve them. FACES has historically not included Region XI, whose programs are designed to serve predominantly American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) children and families. AIAN Family and Child Experience Survey (AIAN FACES), designed to fill this information gap, was first fielded in 2015. A second cohort was fielded in 2019.

AIAN FACES 2015
Data collection with Region XI children, families, classrooms, and programs was conducted in the Fall of 2015 and Spring of 2016. Twenty-one Region XI Head Start programs were included. Procedures for tribal review and approval in each of those 21 communities were followed. Information about this study has been shared broadly with tribal Head Start programs and tribal leaders via Office of Head Start tribal consultations, nationally-broadcast webinars, National Indian Head Start Directors Association annual conferences, the Head Start National Research Conference on Early Childhood, the National Research Conference on Early Childhood, and the Secretary’s Tribal Advisory Council.

The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Office of Head Start (OHS), and Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation (OPRE) have planned the study to be responsive to the needs of Region XI Head Start children, families, and programs. The AIAN FACES 2015 study design, engagement with programs, and dissemination efforts reflect advice from members of the AIAN FACES Workgroup, comprising Region XI Head Start directors, researchers, and federal officials. The members of the Workgroup share a commitment to addressing cultural issues in how the study will be carried out and findings shared with the Head Start community.

AIAN FACES 2019
A second cohort of AIAN FACES was launched in Fall 2019, using many of the same questionnaires and methods employed in FACES 2015. Some refinements to questions were made based on priorities at ACF, suggestions from the AIAN FACES 2019 Workgroup, or based on low variation in FACES 2015 data. Twenty-two Region XI Head Start programs were included. Procedures for tribal review and approval in each of those 22 communities were followed.

Similar to AIAN FACES 2015, the AIAN FACES 2019 study design, engagement with programs, and dissemination efforts reflect advice from members of the AIAN FACES Workgroup, comprising Region XI Head Start directors, researchers, and federal officials. The members of the Workgroup share a commitment to addressing cultural issues in how the study will be carried out and findings shared with the Head Start community.

Data from AIAN FACES 2015 are archived at the Child and Family Data Archive. If you have any questions about accessing this restricted data set, please visit the Child and Family Data Archive Visit disclaimer page or email AIAN_OPRE_Data@acf.hhs.gov. All applications for data access will be reviewed by the Data Committee, comprising Head Start directors and researchers with tribal experience.

AIAN FACES 2015 and AIAN FACES 2019 are conducted through a contract with Mathematica Policy Research.

The points of contact for this project are Meryl Barofsky and Laura Hoard.

Related Resources

The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national descriptive study of children and families enrolled in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes. These programs are known as Region XI. Region XI programs incorporate their unique history, community traditions, and beliefs into their operations and integrate language and culture into the delivery of services to children and families.

The American-Indian Alaska Native Head Start Family and Children Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES 2015) was planned over two years, with advice from members of a work group comprised of Region XI Head Start Directors, ACF partners, University-based tribal early childhood researchers, and the study research organization. In the Fall of 2015 and Spring of 2016, data were collected from children, families, and Head Start Programs. Using data from AI/AN FACES 2015, this research brief...

In 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) was launched to provide descriptive, nationally representative information on the characteristics, experiences, and development of Head Start children and families, and the characteristics of the Head Start programs and staff who serve them. Until 2015, FACES only included children, families, and programs in Head Start Regions I-X...

The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national descriptive study of children and families enrolled in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes. These programs incorporate communities’ unique histories, traditions, and beliefs into their operations. AI/AN FACES 2015 reflects advice from the AI/AN FACES Workgroup, comprising Region XI Head Start directors, researchers, and federal officials.

Research shows Native culture and language support children’s development in positive ways. In this brief, we examine the Native language and cultural experiences of American Indian and Alaska Native children in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes or tribal consortia (Region XI). The data presented in this report inform our understanding of the Native language and cultural experiences that AI/AN children in Region XI Head Start have at home and in their communities...

The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national descriptive study of children and families enrolled in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes. These programs are known as Region XI. Region XI programs incorporate their unique history, community traditions, and beliefs into their operations and integrate language and culture into the delivery of services to children and families...

The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national descriptive study of children and families enrolled in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes. Region XI Head Start provides grants to federally recognized American Indian or Alaska Native tribes, tribal governments, or consortia...

Since 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) has been a regular source of nationally representative data on Head Start programs, centers, classrooms, children, and families. Until the 2015–2016 program year, however, FACES had not been conducted in Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs. This was due in part to the time and resources required...

Since 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) has been a regular source of nationally representative data on Head Start programs, centers, classrooms, children, and families. Until the 2015—2016 program year, however, FACES had not been conducted in Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs. This was due in part to the time and resources required to engage in the intensive community-based planning and implementation process needed to successfully carry out the study...

he American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national study of Region XI American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) Head Start children...