Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES), 1997-2022

In 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) was launched to provide descriptive, nationally representative information on the characteristics, experiences, and development of Head Start children and families, and the characteristics of the Head Start programs and staff who serve them.

FACES 1997-2009

Five FACES cohorts were fielded from 1997 through 2009 — FACES 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006 and 2009. Each cohort through 2009 includes a nationally representative sample of 3- to 4-year-old children entering Head Start for the first time in the fall of the program year, their families, Head Start teachers, classrooms, centers, and programs. Children are sampled from Head Start programs and centers from across the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

FACES 2014-2018

In 2011, ACF redesigned the study in an effort to prioritize timely and relevant research questions, explore innovative design options, update assessment tools and measures, and to better meet the data needs of the Office of Head Start for ongoing management of the Head Start program.

The newly redesigned FACES, implemented in fall 2014, features a “Core Plus” study design. The “Core” study includes regular, ongoing data collection on a set of key indicators at the program, classroom, and child/family level. The “Plus” options include rotating modules or one-time, special studies that allow for greater flexibility to respond to new policy issues and questions in a timely manner. One of the “Plus” options launched the first AI/AN FACES with a sample of children and their families, teachers, classrooms, centers, and programs selected from Region XI programs.

FACES 2019-2022

In 2017, a new contract was awarded continuing with the “Core Plus” design implemented in FACES 2014-2018. Data collection for the FACES CORE was fielded in fall 2019 with follow-up in spring 2020. The “Classroom + Child Outcomes Core” was launched as planned in the fall 2019, but modified in Spring 2020 in response to limitations resulting from the COVID-19 Pandemic. Further follow up is planned in spring 2022 for the “Classroom Core”.

The Classroom + Child Outcomes Core draws data from a nationally representative sample of 3- to 4-year-old children and their families, teachers, classrooms, centers, and programs in Regions I-X. The Classroom + Child Outcomes Core also includes a second AI/AN FACES with a sample of approximately 800 children and their families, teachers, classrooms, centers, and programs selected from Region XI programs. The Classroom Core draws data from a nationally representative sample of teachers, classrooms, centers, and programs in Regions I-X.

FACES 2019-2022 is conducted through a contract to Mathematica.

Data are archived at the Child and Family Data Archive Visit disclaimer pageVisit disclaimer page.

Point(s) of contact: Nina Philipsen Hetzner and Alysia Blandon.

This study is registered on ClinicalTrials.gov under the title Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES 2019) Visit disclaimer page .

 

Information collections related to this project have been reviewed and approved by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs under OMB #0970-0151. Related materials are available on at the FACES Information collection page on RegInfo.gov Visit disclaimer page .

The most currently approved document are accessible by clicking on the ICR Ref. No. with the most recent conclusion date. To access the information collections (E.g. interviews, surveys, protocols), click on View Information Collection (IC) List. Click on View Supporting Statement and Other Documents to access other supplementary documents.

Data are archived at the Child and Family Data Archive Visit disclaimer page

Related Resources

In 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) was launched to provide descriptive, nationally representative information on the characteristics, experiences, and development of Head Start children and families, and the characteristics of the Head Start programs and staff who serve them. Until 2015, FACES only included children, families, and programs in Head Start Regions I-X...

This research brief describes the professional development (PD) experiences of Head Start staff (program directors, center directors, teachers, and other staff), using nationally representative data from the spring 2017 round of the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2014-2018 (FACES 2014). First we describe the landscape of PD for a variety of staff in Head Start. Next, we describe two specific types of PD that support classroom quality improvements: (1) coaching and (2) assessment and curriculum support. We also examine whether selected PD supports vary by program agency type, program size, teacher experience, and teacher education.

This report includes key information on the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2014-2018 (FACES 2014) study design; in addition, a set of data tables presents descriptive statistics for the characteristics of programs, centers, classrooms, and teachers serving Head Start children and families in spring 2017. Data are drawn from the spring 2017 round of FACES 2014.

This research brief describes the family background and developmental progress of Head Start children as they complete a program year (from fall 2014 to spring 2015), using recent data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES 2014). We examine...

This research brief describes the characteristics of Head Start programs, leaders, and teachers that prior research shows are related to classroom quality, using recent data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES 2014). We examine characteristics in five areas. First, we explore...

This report includes key information on the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2014 (FACES 2014) study design and a set of data tables that presents descriptive statistics on the demographic backgrounds and developmental outcomes of children enrolled in Head Start in fall 2014. The tables also detail aspects of their home environment and family life. Data are drawn...

This report includes key information on the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2014 (FACES 2014) study design and a set of data tables that present descriptive statistics on the demographic backgrounds and developmental outcomes of children enrolled in Head Start in fall 2014 who were still enrolled in spring 2015. The tables also detail aspects of...

This report includes key information on the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2014-2018 (FACES 2014) study design and a set of data tables that present descriptive statistics for the characteristics of classrooms, teachers, centers, and programs serving Head Start...

Recent national data highlights a shift in the racial/ethnic and linguistic composition of the child population in the United States and in Head Start. In Head Start, the percentage of Hispanic/Latino children enrolled in the program has increased from 19 percent in 1980 to 38 percent in 2014...

In recent years Head Start has worked to integrate parent and family engagement activities within program systems and services. This full-program approach is outlined in the Head Start Parent, Family, and Community Engagement Framework. Within this framework, family engagement...

“FACES of Head Start: Our Children, Our Families, Our Classrooms” is a short, easy-to-read summary...

This brochure, designed for Head Start parents and program staff, summarizes findings from the Head Start Family...

Every day Head Start staff and parents see the benefits of Head Start to young children; however, policymakers…

This is the Relationship of Program and Classroom Characteristics to Children's Cognitive Gains and Social…

This is the Relationship Between Curricula and Family, Program and Classroom Characteristics Presentation…

This is the Whole-Child Perspective on Head Start Reform: Findings on Children's Cognitive and Socio-…

This is the Relationship of Family and Parental Characteristics to Children's Cognitive and Social…

This is the Predictive Validity of Cognitive and Behavioral Measures in Head Start: Relationships Within and…

This is the Understanding Quality in Head Start Classrooms: The Role of Teacher and Program-Level Factors…

This is the Curricula Being Used in Head Start Programs: Who Gets What? Presentation for June 2002…