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This brief describes the service models of the first cohort of projects that implemented 2-year demonstration projects for domestic victims of human trafficking from October 2014 through September 2016 in Maricopa and Pima Counties, Arizona; Salt Lake City, Utah; and New York City. Each project’s organization background; demonstration project structure, including key partners and roles; and victim service model are described.
Domestic human trafficking involves both forced labor and sexual exploitation of minors and adults, of citizens and lawful permanent residents, and of men and women. To improve services for domestic victims of human trafficking, the Family and Youth Services Bureau (FYSB) within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, awarded three cooperative agreements in 2014 to implement demonstration projects. In 2015, FYSB awarded cooperative agreements to three additional demonstration projects. The intent of ACF’s Domestic Victims of Human Trafficking (DVHT) demonstration program is to enhance organizational and community capacity to identify domestic victims of human trafficking and deliver comprehensive case management and trauma-informed, culturally relevant services through a system of referrals and the formation of community partnerships.
The information presented in the brief was gathered as part of the Evaluation of Domestic Victims of Human Trafficking Demonstration Projects. The evaluation is overseen by ACF’s Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE), in collaboration with FYSB, and conducted by RTI International.
ACF’s DVHT demonstration program is intended to enhance organizational and community capacity to identify domestic victims of human trafficking and deliver comprehensive, victim-centered case management and services. FYSB selected organizations for the DVHT demonstration program that were part of broad service provider coalitions and served populations vulnerable to trafficking, but were outside of the realm of domestic human trafficking services. This approach allowed FYSB to examine if and how organizations that had not traditionally served domestic trafficking victims could build capacity to serve this population.
The purposes of the DVHT cross-site evaluation are to inform ACF’s efforts to improve services for domestic trafficking survivors, enhance performance measurement, and guide future evaluation. The evaluation of the first cohort of DVHT demonstration projects was designed to detect projects’ practice strategies for:
- identifying and engaging domestic trafficking victims in service delivery;
- coordinating comprehensive services across the range of needed providers; and
- tailoring services to individuals who have experienced severe and long-term trauma.
Key Findings and Highlights
- The first cohort of domestic human trafficking demonstration projects all carried out activities to meet the objectives of the cooperative agreement: they collaborated with a multitude of partners to conduct outreach and training, identify survivors, provide comprehensive case management and direct services, and connect clients to resources and services in their communities.
- The demonstration projects offer three distinct examples of how organizations organized and collaborated with community partners to serve domestic survivors of human trafficking. Although projects shared some similarities, lead organizations’ diverse backgrounds, target populations, and partnerships resulted in the implementation of unique project configurations and approaches to service delivery.
The evaluation used a mixed-methods approach that included qualitative and quantitative components. Data presented in this brief were collected through interviews with project staff and partners, case narrative interviews with case managers, observation of project partnership meetings, and review of project documents and materials. Additional evaluation data sources indirectly informed the projects’ service model descriptions, including data collected by projects on clients served and services provided, logs of training provided, and cost and labor questionnaires.
Krieger, K., Hardison Walters, J., Gremminger, M., Feinberg, R., Asefnia, N., & Gibbs, D. (2017). Domestic Victims of Human Trafficking Demonstration Projects: Service models of the first cohort of grantees. OPRE 2017-64. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.