PREP Performance Indicators: Youth Participants’ Characteristics and Outcomes

Publication Date: May 10, 2018
PREP Performance Indicators: Youth Participants’ Characteristics and Outcomes Cover

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  • Published: 2018


Research Questions

  1. Whom did PREP programs serve?
  2. Where did PREP implement programming for youth?
  3. How did youth respond to the PREP programs?

This brief summarizes key characteristics of youth participants in programs funded through the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP), which aims to reduce teen pregnancies, sexually transmitted infections, and associated risk behaviors. PREP is administered by the Family and Youth Services Bureau within the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Funding is awarded to states and territories through formula grants (State PREP), and through a competitive process to tribes and tribal entities (Tribal PREP) and to direct service providers in states and territories that did not take State PREP funding (Competitive PREP).  


This brief is one in a series that will inform stakeholders and the public about the PREP program.

Key Findings and Highlights

Most youth served by PREP reported being White, Black or African American, or Hispanic. The majority of youth served were 13 to 16 years old. PREP programs operated primarily through schools during school hours. Youth reported positive outcomes from participating in programs including being more prepared for adulthood, less likely to have intercourse, and more likely to use condoms and birth control if they had sex. Youth perceived programs to be high quality.


PREP grantees submit performance measures data to ACF each year. These findings are based on performance measures data submitted by State PREP, Tribal PREP, and Competitive PREP grantees for the 2014–2015 reporting period.


Hulsey, Lara, Susan Zief, and Lauren Murphy (2018). “Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) Performance Indicators: Youth Participants’ Characteristics and Outcomes.” OPRE Report # 2018-22. Washington, DC: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation, Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


Personal Responsibility Education Program
State PREP
Tribal PREP
Competitive PREP
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