American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES)

Project Overview

The Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) is a major source of information on Head Start programs and the children and families they serve. Since 1997, FACES has conducted studies in a nationally representative sample of Head Start programs, but has historically not included Region XI, whose programs are designed to serve predominantly AI/AN children and families. AI/AN FACES, designed to fill this information gap, was first fielded in 2015, and another cohort of AI/AN FACES is being planned to be fielded in 2019.

The design of AI/AN FACES 2015 was informed by members of the AI/AN FACES Workgroup which includes tribal Head Start directors, members of the National Indian Head Start Directors’ Association (NIHSDA) Board of Directors, researchers with expertise working with tribal communities, Mathematica Policy Research study staff, and federal officials from the Office of Head Start, Region XI, and the Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation. Members of the AI/AN FACES 2015 Workgroup have shared insights and information on the kinds of information needed about Region XI Head Start programs (including children’s development and school readiness, parent and family demographics, health, and program engagement, and teacher, classroom, and program characteristics). Members have also recommended recruitment practices that are responsive to the unique cultural and self-governing contexts of tribal Head Start programs.

Data collection with Region XI children, families, classrooms, and programs was conducted in the Fall of 2015 and Spring of 2016. Twenty-one Region XI Head Start programs were included. Procedures for tribal review and approval in each of those 21 communities was followed; programs are only included once tribal approval is in place. Information about this study has been shared broadly with tribal Head Start programs and tribal leaders via OHS tribal consultations, nationally-broadcast webinars, NIHSDA annual conferences, the Head Start National Research Conference on Early Childhood, the National Research Conference on Early Childhood, and the Secretary’s Tribal Advisory Council (STAC).

AI/AN FACES Workgroup

The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Head Start and Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation have planned the study to be responsive of the needs of Region XI Head Start children, families and programs. The AI/AN FACES 2015 study design reflects advice from members of the AI/AN FACES Workgroup, comprised of Region XI Head Start directors, researchers, and federal officials (listed below). The members of the Workgroup share a commitment to addressing cultural issues in how the study will be carried out and findings shared with the Head Start community. A new workgroup will be created for AI/AN FACES 2019.

AI/AN FACES Workgroup
Member Organizational Affiliation
Tribal Head Start Partners  
Willow Abrahamson*(12/2013-12/2014) Shoshone-Bannock Tribes
Collette Berg*(12/2013-12/2014) Cheyenne & Arapahoe Tribes
Patty Brown Karuk Tribe Head Start
Ann Cameron Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan Head Start
Myrna Dingman*(6/2014-1/2017) Pueblo of San Felipe Head Start
Lana Garcia Pueblo of Jemez Head Start
Jacki Haight Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe Head Start
Kirstin (Hisatake) Nilles*(12/2013-8/2015) Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Head Start
Charmaine Lundy Kenaitze Indian Tribe Head Start
Racquel Martinez*(12/2013-7/2017) Tanana Chiefs Conference Head Start
Laura McKechnie Sault Ste. Marie Tribe Head Start
Sharon Singer*(1/2015-7/2017) Navajo Nation Head Start
Teresa Smith Kenaitze Indian Tribe Head Start
Mavany Calac Verdugo Rincon Band of Luiseno Indians Head Start
University Research Partners  
Jessica Barnes-Najor Michigan State University, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center
Hiram Fitzgerald Michigan State University, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center
Douglas Novins*(12/2013-7/2014) University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Centers for American Indian & Alaska Native Health, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center
Michelle Sarche University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Centers for American Indian & Alaska Native Health, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center
Monica Tsethlikai Arizona State University
Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Centers for American Indian & Alaska Native Health, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center
Study Research Partners  
Sara Bernstein Mathematica Policy Research
Barbara Lepidus Carlson Mathematica Policy Research
Lizabeth Malone Mathematica Policy Research
Jerry West Mathematica Policy Research
Federal Partners  
Meryl Barofsky Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation
Robert Bialas*(12/2013-11/2015) Office of Head Start
Angie Godfrey Office of Head Start
Laura Hoard Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation
Aleta Meyer Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation
Mary Mueggenborg Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation
WJ Strickland Office of Head Start
Maria Woolverton Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

 

Data are archived at the Child and Family Data Archive.

The points of contact for this project are Meryl Yoches Barofsky, Laura Hoard, and Mary Mueggenborg.

  • At a Glance: Native Language Use in Region XI Head Start Households

    Published: April 7, 2020

    The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national descriptive study of children and families enrolled in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes. These programs incorporate communities’ unique histories, traditions, and beliefs into their operations. AI/AN FACES 2015 reflects advice from the AI/AN FACES Workgroup, comprising Region XI Head Start directors, researchers, and federal officials.

  • Home and Community Native Language and Cultural Experiences Among AI/AN Children in Region XI Head Start: Findings from the American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015

    Published: January 8, 2020

    Research shows Native culture and language support children’s development in positive ways. In this brief, we examine the Native language and cultural experiences of American Indian and Alaska Native children in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes or tribal consortia (Region XI). The data presented in this report inform our understanding of the Native language and cultural experiences that AI/AN children in Region XI Head Start have at home and in their communities...

  • Native Culture & Language in the Classroom Observation

    Published: November 19, 2019

    The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national descriptive study of children and families enrolled in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes. Region XI Head Start provides grants to federally recognized American Indian or Alaska Native tribes, tribal governments, or consortia...

  • Native Culture & Language in the Classroom Observation Brief

    Published: November 19, 2019

    The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national descriptive study of children and families enrolled in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes. These programs are known as Region XI. Region XI programs incorporate their unique history, community traditions, and beliefs into their operations and integrate language and culture into the delivery of services to children and families...

  • American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2019 (AI/AN FACES 2019) Highlights

    Published: April 4, 2019

    Since 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) has been a regular source of nationally representative data on Head Start programs, centers, classrooms, children, and families. Until the 2015–2016 program year, however, FACES had not been conducted in Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs. This was due in part to the time and resources required...

  • Region XI American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Informational Webinar

    Published: November 14, 2018

    Since 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) has been a regular source of nationally representative data on Head Start programs, centers, classrooms, children, and families. Until the 2015–2016 program year, however, FACES had not been conducted in Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs. This was due in part to the time and resources required to engage in the intensive community-based planning and implementation process needed to successfully carry out the study...

  • A Year in Region XI Head Start: Children’s Growth and Development from the American Indian and Alaska Native Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015)

    Published: November 7, 2018

    It is important for Head Start to have information about children’s and families’ strengths and needs over the course of the program year. We examine Region XI Head Start children’s growth in cognitive skills (in language, literacy, and mathematics), social-emotional skills, and executive function during the program year to learn about their progress toward being ready for school. We also consider children’s physical health at the end of the program year, as it can influence children’s readiness for school.

  • Region XI American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start: A Portrait of Children and Families

    Published: November 7, 2018

    he American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national study of Region XI American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) Head Start children...

  • Descriptive Data on Region XI Head Start Children and Families: AI/AN FACES Fall 2015–Spring 2016 Data Tables and Study Design

    Published: May 9, 2018

    AI/AN FACES 2015 is the first national study of Region XI AI/AN Head Start children and their families, classrooms, and programs. This set of tables presents data on the demographic backgrounds and developmental outcomes of children enrolled in Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs during the 2015–16 Head Start year. The tables also detail aspects of their home environment and family life. Data on children’s classrooms, teachers, centers, and programs...

  • Psychometric Analyses of Child Outcome Measures with American Indian and Alaska Native Preschoolers: Initial Evidence from AI/AN FACES 2015

    Published: May 9, 2018

    AI/AN FACES 2015 is the first national study of Region XI AI/AN Head Start children and their families, classrooms, and programs. To date, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) has been a major source of descriptive information on Head Start and preschool children ages 3 to 5 years old who attend the program. FACES gathers data from Regions I-X...

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