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American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES)

Project Overview

Project Overview

In 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) was launched to provide descriptive, nationally representative information on the characteristics, experiences, and development of Head Start children and families, and the characteristics of the Head Start programs and staff who serve them. FACES has historically not included Region XI, whose programs are designed to serve predominantly AI/AN children and families. AI/AN FACES, designed to fill this information gap, was first fielded in 2015. A second cohort was fielded in 2019.

AI/AN FACES 2015

Data collection with Region XI children, families, classrooms, and programs was conducted in the Fall of 2015 and Spring of 2016. Twenty-one Region XI Head Start programs were included. Procedures for tribal review and approval in each of those 21 communities was followed. Information about this study has been shared broadly with tribal Head Start programs and tribal leaders via Office of Head Start tribal consultations, nationally-broadcast webinars, National Indian Head Start Directors Association annual conferences, the Head Start National Research Conference on Early Childhood, the National Research Conference on Early Childhood, and the Secretary’s Tribal Advisory Council.

AI/AN FACES 2015 Workgroup

The Administration for Children and Families, Office of Head Start and Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation have planned the study to be responsive to the needs of Region XI Head Start children, families, and programs. The AI/AN FACES 2015 study design, engagement with programs, and dissemination efforts reflects advice from members of the AI/AN FACES Workgroup, comprised of Region XI Head Start directors, researchers, and federal officials (listed below). The members of the Workgroup share a commitment to addressing cultural issues in how the study will be carried out and findings shared with the Head Start community.

AI/AN FACES Workgroup

Member

Organizational Affiliation

Tribal Head Start Partners

 

Willow Abrahamson*
(12/2013-12/2014)

Shoshone-Bannock Tribes

Collette Berg*
(12/2013-12/2014)

Cheyenne & Arapahoe Tribes

Patty Brown (12/2013-12/2015)

Karuk Tribe Head Start

Ann Cameron

Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan Head Start

Myrna Dingman*
(6/2014-1/2017)

Pueblo of San Felipe Head Start

Lana Garcia

Pueblo of Jemez Head Start

Jacki Haight

Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe Head Start

Kirstin (Hisatake) Nilles*
(12/2013-8/2015)

Confederated Tribes of Warm Springs Head Start

Charmaine Lundy

Kenaitze Indian Tribe Head Start

Racquel Martinez*
(12/2013-7/2017)

Tanana Chiefs Conference Head Start

Laura McKechnie

Sault Ste. Marie Tribe Head Start

Sharon Singer*
(1/2015-7/2017)

Navajo Nation Head Start

Teresa Smith

Kenaitze Indian Tribe Head Start

Mavany Calac Verdugo

Rincon Band of Luiseno Indians Head Start

University Research Partners

 

Jessica Barnes-Najor

Michigan State University, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center

Hiram Fitzgerald

Michigan State University, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center

Douglas Novins*
(12/2013-7/2014)

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Centers for American Indian & Alaska Native Health, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center

Michelle Sarche

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Centers for American Indian & Alaska Native Health, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center

Monica Tsethlikai

Arizona State University

Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Centers for American Indian & Alaska Native Health, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center

Study Research Partners

 

Sara Bernstein

Mathematica Policy Research

Barbara Lepidus Carlson

Mathematica Policy Research

Lizabeth Malone

Mathematica Policy Research

Jerry West

Mathematica Policy Research

Federal Partners

 

Meryl Barofsky

Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Robert Bialas*
(12/2013-11/2015)

Office of Head Start

Angie Godfrey (11/2015-1/2019)

Office of Head Start

Laura Hoard

Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Aleta Meyer

Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Mary Mueggenborg (12/2013-12/2016)

Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

WJ Strickland

Office of Head Start (retired)

Maria Woolverton (12/2013-12/2016)

Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

AI/AN FACES 2019

A second cohort of AI/AN FACES was launched in Fall 2019, using most of the same questionnaires and methods employed in FACES 2015. Some refinements to questions were made based on priorities at ACF, suggestions from the AI/AN FACES 2019 workgroup, or based on low variation in FACES 2015 data. Twenty-two Region XI Head Start programs were included. Procedures for tribal review and approval in each of those 22 communities was followed.

AI/AN FACES 2019 Workgroup

The AI/AN FACES 2019 study design, engagement with programs, and dissemination efforts reflects advice from members of the AI/AN FACES Workgroup, comprised of Region XI Head Start directors, researchers, and federal officials (listed below). The members of the Workgroup share a commitment to addressing cultural issues in how the study will be carried out and findings shared with the Head Start community.

AI/AN FACES Workgroup

Member

Organizational Affiliation

Tribal Head Start Partners

 

Kelly  Bradfield

Three Affiliated Tribes Head Start

Ann Cameron

Inter-Tribal Council of Michigan Head Start

Lana Garcia

Pueblo of Jemez Head Start

Jacki Haight

Port Gamble S’Klallam Tribe Head Start

Charmaine Lundy

Kenaitze Indian Tribe Head Start

Laura McKechnie

Sault Ste. Marie Tribe Head Start

Ethan Petticrew

Cook Inlet Native Head Start

Teresa Smith

Kenaitze Indian Tribe Head Start

Mavany Calac Verdugo

Rincon Band of Luiseno Indians Head Start (retired)

University Research Partners

 

Jessica Barnes-Najor

Michigan State University, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center

Michelle Sarche

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Centers for American Indian & Alaska Native Health, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center

Christine Sims

University of New Mexico

Monica Tsethlikai

Arizona State University

Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell

University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus, Centers for American Indian & Alaska Native Health, Tribal Early Childhood Research Center

Study Research Partners

 

Sara Bernstein

Mathematica Policy Research

Michael Cavanaugh

Mathematica Policy Research

Lizabeth Malone

Mathematica Policy Research

Sara Skidmore

Mathematica Policy Research

Federal Partners

 

Meryl Barofsky

Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

   

Laura Hoard

Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Todd Lertjuntharangool

Office of Head Start

Aleta Meyer

Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Allison Walker

Office of Planning, Research, and Evaluation

Jarma Wrighten

Office of Head Start

Senior Advisors

 

WJ Strickland

Office of Head Start, Region XI Senior Program Specialist (retired)

Jerry West

University of Maryland

Data are from AI/AN FACES 2015 archived at the Child and Family Data Archive Visit disclaimer page.

AI/AN FACS 2019 is conducted through a contract with Mathematica Policy Research.

The points of contact for this project are Meryl Barofsky and Laura Hoard.

  • Native Language and Culture Experiences among Children in Region XI Head Start Classrooms & Programs: Findings from the American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015

    Published: August 25, 2020

    The American-Indian Alaska Native Head Start Family and Children Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES 2015) was planned over two years, with advice from members of a work group comprised of Region XI Head Start Directors, ACF partners, University-based tribal early childhood researchers, and the study research organization. In the Fall of 2015 and Spring of 2016, data were collected from children, families, and Head Start Programs. Using data from AI/AN FACES 2015, this research brief...

  • At a Glance: Native Language Use in Region XI Head Start Households

    Published: April 7, 2020

    The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national descriptive study of children and families enrolled in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes. These programs incorporate communities’ unique histories, traditions, and beliefs into their operations. AI/AN FACES 2015 reflects advice from the AI/AN FACES Workgroup, comprising Region XI Head Start directors, researchers, and federal officials.

  • Home and Community Native Language and Cultural Experiences Among AI/AN Children in Region XI Head Start: Findings from the American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015

    Published: January 8, 2020

    Research shows Native culture and language support children’s development in positive ways. In this brief, we examine the Native language and cultural experiences of American Indian and Alaska Native children in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes or tribal consortia (Region XI). The data presented in this report inform our understanding of the Native language and cultural experiences that AI/AN children in Region XI Head Start have at home and in their communities...

  • Native Culture & Language in the Classroom Observation

    Published: November 19, 2019

    The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national descriptive study of children and families enrolled in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes. Region XI Head Start provides grants to federally recognized American Indian or Alaska Native tribes, tribal governments, or consortia...

  • Native Culture & Language in the Classroom Observation Brief

    Published: November 19, 2019

    The American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national descriptive study of children and families enrolled in Head Start programs operated by federally recognized tribes. These programs are known as Region XI. Region XI programs incorporate their unique history, community traditions, and beliefs into their operations and integrate language and culture into the delivery of services to children and families...

  • American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2019 (AI/AN FACES 2019) Highlights

    Published: April 4, 2019

    Since 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) has been a regular source of nationally representative data on Head Start programs, centers, classrooms, children, and families. Until the 2015–2016 program year, however, FACES had not been conducted in Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs. This was due in part to the time and resources required...

  • Region XI American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Informational Webinar

    Published: November 14, 2018

    Since 1997, the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES) has been a regular source of nationally representative data on Head Start programs, centers, classrooms, children, and families. Until the 2015–2016 program year, however, FACES had not been conducted in Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs. This was due in part to the time and resources required to engage in the intensive community-based planning and implementation process needed to successfully carry out the study...

  • Region XI American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start: A Portrait of Children and Families

    Published: November 7, 2018

    he American Indian and Alaska Native Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (AI/AN FACES 2015) is the first national study of Region XI American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) Head Start children...

  • A Year in Region XI Head Start: Children’s Growth and Development from the American Indian and Alaska Native Family and Child Experiences Survey 2015 (AI/AN FACES 2015)

    Published: November 7, 2018

    It is important for Head Start to have information about children’s and families’ strengths and needs over the course of the program year. We examine Region XI Head Start children’s growth in cognitive skills (in language, literacy, and mathematics), social-emotional skills, and executive function during the program year to learn about their progress toward being ready for school. We also consider children’s physical health at the end of the program year, as it can influence children’s readiness for school.

  • Descriptive Data on Region XI Head Start Children and Families: AI/AN FACES Fall 2015–Spring 2016 Data Tables and Study Design

    Published: May 9, 2018

    AI/AN FACES 2015 is the first national study of Region XI AI/AN Head Start children and their families, classrooms, and programs. This set of tables presents data on the demographic backgrounds and developmental outcomes of children enrolled in Region XI AI/AN Head Start programs during the 2015–16 Head Start year. The tables also detail aspects of their home environment and family life. Data on children’s classrooms, teachers, centers, and programs...

More Reports on this Project