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  • Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG 1.0) Impact Study Interim Report: Program Implementation and Short-Term Impacts

    Published: June 18, 2018
    In 2010, the Administration for Children and Families (ACF) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services awarded the first round of five-year HPOG grants (HPOG 1.0) to 32 organizations in 23 states; five were tribal organizations. The purpose of the HPOG Program is to provide education and training to...
  • Improving Economic Opportunity through Healthcare Training: Short-term Impact Results from the First Round of the Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG 1.0)

    Published: June 18, 2018
    The first round of Health Profession Opportunity Grants (known as HPOG 1.0) funded education, training, support services, and employment assistance for recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) and other low-income individuals for jobs in the healthcare field. To assess its effectiveness, the first round of HPOG programs was evaluated using an experimental design...
  • Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Impact Study: Technical Supplement to the Evaluation Design Report: Impact Analysis Plan

    Published: March 3, 2017
    The HPOG Impact Study will answer questions about the HPOG program’s overall effectiveness and explore how variations in program services affect program impacts. This analysis plan provides detailed information on...
  • Using Within-Site Experimental Evidence to Reduce Cross-Site Attributional Bias in Connecting Program Components to Program Impacts

    Published: March 3, 2017
    Randomized experiments—in which study participants are randomly assigned to treatment and control groups within sites—give researchers a powerful method for understanding a program’s effectiveness. Once they know the direction (favorable or unfavorable) and magnitude (small or large) of a program’s impact, the next question is why the program produced its effect. Multi-site evaluations offer a chance to “get inside the black box” and explore that question. This paper considers a new method, called Cross-Site Attributional Model Improved by Calibration to Within-Site Individual Randomization Findings (CAMIC), which seeks to reduce bias in analyses that researchers use to understand what about a program’s structure and implementation leads its impact to vary. First, researchers estimate the overall impact of the program without selection bias or other sources of bias, and then use cross-site analyses to connect program structure (what is offered) and implementation (how it is offered) to the magnitude of the impacts. However, these estimates are non-experimental and may be biased. The CAMIC method takes advantage of randomization of a program component in only some sites to improve estimating the effects of other program components and implementation features that are not or cannot be randomized. The paper describes the method for potential use in the Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) program evaluation. A simulation analysis of CAMIC shows that the method does not consistently reduce bias and, in some cases, increases bias. Nevertheless, we argue that presenting details of the method is useful. We urge other researchers to consider other settings where the method might be successfully applied in order to help evaluators learn more about what works.
  • Training TANF Recipients for Careers in Healthcare: The Experience of the Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Program

    Published: October 22, 2015
    This report focuses on TANF recipients’ engagement and experiences in the HPOG Program, with the goal of helping understand how HPOG programs serve TANF recipients and developing hypotheses for further study...
  • Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Impact Study Design Report

    Published: December 4, 2014
    This report describes the research design of the HPOG Impact Study. The study is designed to answer questions about overall HPOG program effectiveness and explore how variations in program services affect program impacts, including identifying which elements of career pathways programs contribute most to advancing the labor market success of participants...