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This brief uses a rigorous, quantitative approach known as meta-regression to look across all the studies included in the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review (ESER) to identify the employment and training interventions and strategies most likely to be effective in improving outcomes for low-income adults. It also identifies which are most effective for particular labor market outcomes and types of workers...

This brief reports on gaps in the research evidence on employment and training interventions for low-income adults and suggestions for future research, as identified by the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review.

For which target populations, settings, and service strategies is there little or no research or limited high-quality evidence about what works to improve employment outcomes for low-income adults?...

This brief discusses 19 interventions identified by the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review that featured work-readiness services as their primary employment or training strategy. The brief describes these work-readiness interventions and their impact on employment and earnings. It goes on to profile six promising work-readiness interventions...

Most employment and training interventions for low-income adults consist of a variety of services, strategies or approaches intended to improve employment and earnings. Many also include strategies to address other needs of the target population, such as housing. To enable quicker comparison across interventions, the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review identified a primary strategy for each multi-strategy intervention the review examined...

Many programs attempting to improve employment outcomes for low-income adults use financial incentives or sanctions to motivate participants to obtain and/or retain a job. This brief describes the employment and earnings impacts of 12 interventions, identified by the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review, that used financial incentives or sanctions as a primary strategy. It also highlights four promising interventions and their impacts in more detail....

This reporting guide recommends best practices for study authors on how to describe impact evaluations of employment programs and strategies. The guide provides recommendations for describing study characteristics, study design and analysis, study data, and sample tables for use in reporting this information...

The Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review identified, compiled, and reviewed studies of employment and training interventions for low-income adults. The review seeks to provide a transparent and systematic assessment of the research evidence for the effectiveness of programs designed to improve the employment-related outcomes of low-income adults...

This report explains in detail the criteria that govern the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review (ESER), a systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of employment and training programs for low-income adults. This detailed look includes the criteria for searching the literature, screening studies for eligibility, assessing each study’s strength of evidence, and extracting information reported in the studies...

This fact sheet summarizes the criteria that govern the Employment Strategies for Low-Income Adults Evidence Review (ESER), a systematic review of the literature on the effectiveness of employment and training programs for low-income adults. The summary includes the criteria for searching the literature, screening studies for eligibility, assessing each study’s strength of evidence, and extracting information reported in the studies.