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This brief provides an overview of Next Steps, the Cankdeska Cikana Community College (CCCC) Tribal HPOG program. The brief also shares key findings to date and stories from students who participated in the program. Findings focus on program structures, program processes, and program outcomes, and are based on qualitative data from interviews with administrative and program implementation staff, focus groups with the CCCC students, and phone....

This brief summarizes key findings from the Interim Outcome Study Report: National Implementation Evaluation of the Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) to Serve TANF Recipients and Other Low-Income Individuals report, released in 2014. Findings come from administrative data collected through the HPOG Performance Reporting System one year after program enrollment. Information provided includes characteristics of the typical HPOG participant, types of training courses enrollees...

The Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) Program funds training programs in high-demand healthcare professions, targeted to Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) recipients and other low-income individuals. This report is part of the HPOG National Implementation Evaluation (NIE) and provides interim results on the key outcomes of HPOG healthcare training completion and employment, as well as on participants’ pre-training activities and receipt of support services and...

This report describes the research design of the HPOG Impact Study. The study is designed to answer questions about overall HPOG program effectiveness and explore how variations in program services affect program impacts, including identifying which elements of career pathways programs contribute most to advancing the labor market success of participants...

Randomized experiments—in which study participants are randomly assigned to treatment and control groups within sites—give researchers a powerful method for understanding a program’s effectiveness. Once they know the direction (favorable or unfavorable) and magnitude (small or large) of a program’s impact, the next question is why the program produced its effect. Multi-site evaluations offer a chance to “get inside the black box” and explore that question.

This paper considers a new method, called Cross-Site Attributional Model Improved by Calibration to Within-Site Individual Randomization Findings (CAMIC), which seeks to reduce bias in analyses that researchers use to understand what about a program’s structure and implementation leads its impact to vary.

First, researchers estimate the overall impact of the program without selection bias or other sources of bias, and then use cross-site analyses to connect program structure (what is offered) and implementation (how it is offered) to the magnitude of the impacts. However, these estimates are non-experimental and may be biased.

The CAMIC method takes advantage of randomization of a program component in only some sites to improve estimating the effects of other program components and implementation features that are not or cannot be randomized. The paper describes the method for potential use in the Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) program evaluation.

A simulation analysis of CAMIC shows that the method does not consistently reduce bias and, in some cases, increases bias. Nevertheless, we argue that presenting details of the method is useful. We urge other researchers to consider other settings where the method might be successfully applied in order to help evaluators learn more about what works.

This fourth annual report provides a snapshot of Health Profession Opportunity Grants Program grantee activities from its inception through September 2014, its fourth year of operation.

This report documents the implementation and early impacts of the Workforce Training Academy Connect (WTA Connect) program, operated by Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) in Des Moines, Iowa. WTA Connect...

This report summarizes:

  • the findings from a review of the literature on tribal research oversight,
  • approaches to conducting evaluations in American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities, and
  • strategies and models used to implement programs similar to the Tribal Health Profession Opportunity Grants (HPOG) 2.0 Program...

This brief presents an overview of the Health Profession Opportunity Grants University Partnership Research Grants (HPOGUP) and discusses the contributions these studies are making to the body of knowledge regarding the education and training, employment, and advancement of low-income job seekers. HPOGUP funds studies conducted by university researchers that have partnered with one or more HPOG program grantees to answer specific questions about how to improve HPOG services within local...

One of the HPOG Program’s major goals is to advance the healthcare careers of low-income individuals. This brief measures HPOG 1.0 participants’ progress in occupational training and employment and earnings for up to three years following program entry. Using HPOG Program and quarterly wage administrative data...