This brief reviews the design and administration of the EITC and summarizes the literature on the EITC’s effects on work, wages, poverty, financial stability, and other nonfinancial benefits, giving special attention to the way program outcomes might depend on or relate to payment timing. The authors discuss how changing the EITC’s payment structures may affect recipients and how the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) carries out the EITC to highlight important considerations and possible trade-offs. The brief identifies areas where additional research is needed to better understand these relationships and trade-offs related to payment timing.
The CCDF Policies Database tracks State/Territory CCDF policies over time, with hundreds of variables tracking policies related to family eligibility, application and waiting list procedures, family copayments, provider reimbursement rates, and other provider policies. This brief serves as a companion piece to the project’s 2019 annual report, providing selected information about State and Territory policy differences using maps and charts.
Qualitative research, which explores how or why something occurs, can contribute new knowledge to the understanding of home visiting. While qualitative research is sometimes viewed as a less rigorous add-on to quantitative research, studies utilizing qualitative research methods—whether part of a mixed-methods or as a standalone approach—can be rigorously designed to provide reliable and trustworthy information.
This work is part of the Design Options for Home Visiting Evaluation (DOHVE) project, led by OPRE in collaboration with HRSA. ACF has partnered with JBA to conduct the DOHVE project.