Resources Specific to HIV Positive and HIV At-Risk Individuals
What do we mean by trauma-informed services and why is such an approach important?
- The Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) have developed Trauma and HIV . The executive summary outlines how the effects of trauma can be broad and impact multiple areas of an individual’s life, including health. While effective treatments for trauma are available, the evidence for improved HIV outcomes linked to treatment for trauma is less well known.
- Living in the Face of Trauma (LIFT): An Intervention for Coping With HIV and Trauma is issued by SAMHSA’s National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices. This resource is a group intervention that focuses on improving the coping abilities of individuals--women of any sexual orientation and men who have sex with men--who have HIV and a history of childhood sexual abuse. LIFT promotes better health protective decision making with the goals of reducing the symptoms of traumatic stress and the risk of transmitting HIV, as well as the risk for alcohol and other drug misuse, a common experience among these populations.
My agency has decided it wants to be more trauma-informed. Where do I start?
- HRSA provides funding for The AIDS Education and Training Centers (AETC) Program of the Ryan White HIV/AIDS Program. AETC Program facilitates trainings on trauma and HIV, and specifically the practice of Trauma-informed Care.
- Stanford Medicine Center on Stress and Health has many resources for HIV/AIDS, and Stress and Trauma.
How can I/my staff recognize the signs and symptoms of trauma in the client we work with?
- Trauma and HIV was developed because several studies have shown that experiences of trauma are much more common among girls and women living with HIV (HIV+) than among those in the general population. So what is trauma, and what is its relationship with HIV? The Well Project provides information on this topic as well as additional resources on trauma and HIV. The Well Project is supported by corporations, foundations, philanthropists, and individuals who recognize the importance of The Well Project’s core mission to improve the lives of people, especially women, living with HIV and AIDS.
- Impact of Lifetime Trauma, Abuse and Violence on Women Living with HIV is a webinar resource by United States Department of Labor and facilitated by Positive Women’s Network – USA.
- Untangling the Intersection of HIV & Trauma: Why It Matters and What We Can Do is published by the Gay Men’s Health Crisis.
- Intersection of Intimate Partner Violence and HIV in Women was developed by the CDC. It discusses the intersection between violence against women and risk for HIV infection.
- There is also a white paper entitled Addressing the Intersection of HIV/AIDS, Violence against Women and Girls, & Gender-Related Health Disparities, White House Interagency Federal Working Group (September 2013).
- Update on Efforts to Address the Intersection of HIV/AIDS, Violence against Women and Girls, and Gender-Related Health Disparities was issued by Office of National AIDS Policy White House Advisor on Violence Against Women White House Council on Women and Girls.
- The Family Planning National Training Centers have available a recorded webinar on the intersection between intimate partner violence and HIV.
Where can I learn more about evidence-based and promising interventions to address the effects of trauma?
- Understand the linkages between HIV/AIDS and violence against women and girls provides information on the limited evidence-base on what works to address violence against women and girls and HIV prompted the United Nations Trust Fund to open special grant-making windows in 2005 and 2006 on ‘reducing the twin pandemics of HIV/AIDS and violence against women.
- Brief Summary of Behavioral and Social Science Research Related to Women, Violence, Trauma and HIV/AIDS outlines issues related to people living with HIV and their tendency to report experiencing more traumatic life events, particularly those that are violent and abusive relationships. This document was issued by the American Psychological Association in conjunction with the 51st Session UN Commission on the Status of Women.
- Trauma and HIV/AIDS: A Summary of Research Results Summarized by the American Psychological Association in conjunction with the 51st Session UN Commission on the Status of Women February 2007.